Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT22] Interaction and Coevolution of the Core and Mantle in the Earth and Planets

Wed. May 23, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM International Conference Room (IC) (2F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Tsuyoshi Iizuka(University of Tokyo), Hidetoshi Shibuya(Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Advanced Science and Technology, Kumamoto University), Taku Tsuchiya(愛媛大学地球深部ダイナミクス研究センター, 共同), Kenji Ohta(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Chairperson:Kawai Kenji, Iizuka Riko

9:45 AM - 10:00 AM

[SIT22-16] Silicate melt viscosities at high pressure: Experimental results and its implication

*Longjian Xie1, Akira Yoneda1, Geeth Manthilake3, Daisuke Yamazaki1, Yuji Higo2, Yoshinori Tange2, Nicolas Guignot4, Denis Andrault3 (1.Institute for Planetary Materials, Okayama University, 2.Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, 3.The Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans, 4.Synchrotron SOLEIL)

Keywords:Magma ocean, Viscosity, Silicate melts, Boron doped diamond, High pressure

It is believed that the early Earth experienced several episodes of magma-ocean, with a major one just after the giant Moon-forming impact. In this framework, the viscosity of the silicate melts is a key to understand the dynamics of the magma ocean and the recrystallization processes.
We succeeded to extend the experimental measurements of silicate-melt viscosity up to about 30 GPa and more than 2500 K, by devising an in-situ falling sphere method coupled with boron-doped diamond heater and ultra-fast cameral (1000 f/s) in the multi-anvil apparatus. We determined viscosities of molten forsterite, enstatite and diopside from 5 to 30 GPa and at temperatures just above their liquidus; reproducibility of the measurements is within a few percents. Experimental uncertainties were estimated by Monte Carlo method based on the uncertainties of pressure, temperature, falling sphere velocities and sphere size.
The viscosity of the melt with forsterite composition increases with increasing pressure along the liquidus, while those of enstatite and diopside melt compositions decrease with increasing pressure. Melt viscosities of the three compositions are found very low, in the range of 0.01 to 0.1 Pa.s, at mantle pressure conditions. The extremely low viscosity implies a short life-time for the magma ocean (1-6 thousands years) and, potentially, a fractional crystallization.