Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT22] Interaction and Coevolution of the Core and Mantle in the Earth and Planets

Wed. May 23, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM International Conference Room (IC) (2F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Tsuyoshi Iizuka(University of Tokyo), Hidetoshi Shibuya(Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Advanced Science and Technology, Kumamoto University), Taku Tsuchiya(愛媛大学地球深部ダイナミクス研究センター, 共同), Kenji Ohta(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Chairperson:Sumino Hirochika, Tateno Shigehiko, Iizuka Tsuyoshi

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[SIT22-21] He and Ar partitioning between liquid iron and molten silicate at high pressure

Zhihua Xiong1, *Taku Tsuchiya1 (1.Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University)

Keywords:Noble gas partitioning, Ab initio Calculation, Earth's core

The Earth’s core has been suggested as a potential reservoir of noble gases, which can remove the difficulties of their long-term maintenance in the mantle. The fundamental process controlling noble gas sequestering into the core is their partitioning between liquid iron and molten silicate. Unfortunately, limited measurements have only been conducted so far. Experiments conducted by Matsuda et al. [1993] up to 10 GPa showed that the partitioning coefficients of noble gases decrease with pressure, denying the core to be a noble gas reservoir. In contrast, Bouhifd et al. [2013] reported that the helium partitioning coefficient becomes more constant (~10-2) at P > 10 GPa, suggesting that some helium could be dissolved into the core. However, it is unclear whether this tendency is applicable to other noble gases.

Here we investigate the helium and argon partitioning between liquid iron and molten silicate using the ab initio molecular dynamics method combined with thermodynamics integration technique [Taniuchi and Tsuchiya, 2018]. The partitioning coefficients are computed from the Gibbs free energy changes associated with their exchange reactions. Although more detailed studies on several factors including temperature, pressure, and composition are required, our results in the moment suggest possible partitioning of helium and argon into liquid metal at high pressure. We will try to explain the behaviors from the electronic and structural points of view.