Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT22] Interaction and Coevolution of the Core and Mantle in the Earth and Planets

Thu. May 24, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM International Conference Room (IC) (2F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Tsuyoshi Iizuka(University of Tokyo), Hidetoshi Shibuya(Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Advanced Science and Technology, Kumamoto University), Taku Tsuchiya(愛媛大学地球深部ダイナミクス研究センター, 共同), Kenji Ohta(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Chairperson:Dekura Haruhiko, Yamazaki Daisuke

9:15 AM - 9:30 AM

[SIT22-32] Anisotropic thermal conductivity of hcp iron and the implications for the Earth’s inner core

*Kenji Ohta1, Yu Nishihara2, Yuuki Satoh1, Kei Hirose3,4, Takashi Yagi5, Saori Kawaguchi6, Naohisa Hirao6, Yasuo Ohishi6 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2.Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University, 3.Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, The University of Tokyo, 5.National Metrology Institute of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 6.Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute)

Keywords:core, thermal conductivity, hcp iron, high pressure experiment

At some time in the past, the Earth’s liquid iron core began to solidify at the center, resulting in a growing solid inner core, which has a key role in powering the Earth’s dynamo action. The inner core is known to be elastically anisotropic. The cause of the seismic anisotropy in the inner core may be explained by the crystallographic preferred orientation (CPO) of hexagonal closed packed (hcp) iron that is widely believed to be a main component of the inner core. However, it is still unclear how to occur and sustain such CPO of the inner core material although many hypotheses have been proposed.

Anisotropy in the thermal conductivity of hcp iron may have important implications for the structure and thermal evolution of the Earth’s inner core (Secco and Balog, 2001). However, the conductivity anisotropy in hcp iron has never been examined. The hcp phase of iron is stable above 13 GPa and unquenchable to ambient conditions, so that in-situ high-pressure measurement of anisotropic conductivity is required. In this study, we investigated anisotropy in thermal conductivity of hcp iron to 42.9 GPa based on synchrotron X-ray diffraction measurements and the pulsed light heating thermoreflectance technique in a diamond anvil cell. The results demonstrate that the thermal conductivity of hcp iron along c axis is three to four times as large as that along a axis. Such anisotropic thermal conductivity in hcp iron could sustain crystal alignment in the inner core that causes seismic anisotropy. In addition, the anisotropic conductivity in hcp iron could be a cause of the discrepancy in the experimentally determined thermal conductivities of iron at the core conditions (Konôpková et al., 2016; Ohta et al., 2016).

Secco, R.A., & Balog, P.S. On the possibility of anisotropic heat flow in the inner core. Can. J. Earth Sci. 38, 975–982 (2001).
Konôpková, Z., McWilliams, R., Gómez-Pérez, N. & Goncharov, A. Direct measurement of thermal conductivity in solid iron at planetary core conditions. Nature 534, 99–101 (2016).
Ohta, K., Kuwayama, Y., Hirose, K., Shimizu, K. & Ohishi, Y. Experimental determination of the electrical resistivity of iron at Earth’s core conditions. Nature 534, 95–98 (2016).