Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT23] New perspectives on the geodynamics of East Asia

Sun. May 20, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 301A (3F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Timothy B Byrne (University of Connecticut), Asuka Yamaguchi(Atomosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Jonny Wu(共同), Kyoko Okino(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Wu Jonny, Kyoko Okino

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[SIT23-10] Geochemical constraints on Pacific-Izanagi ridge subduction along the NE Asian margin from the magmatic record of Japan, Sikhote-Alin and Sakhalin

*Tsung-Jui Wu1, Jonny Wu1 (1.Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Houston)

Keywords:Ridge subduction, Northeast Asia, Sikhote-Alin, Izanagi-Pacific ridge

Recent studies have debated the timing and spatial configuration of a Pacific-Izanagi spreading ridge subduction beneath the NE Asia continental margin in the Cretaceous (e.g. Maruyama et al., 1997) or early Cenozoic (Seton et al., 2015; Kimura et al., in revision; Wu et al., in prep). In contrast, other studies assert that a Pacific-Izanagi spreading ridge never reached NE Asia; instead, marginal seas existed along East Asia in the Cretaceous to early Cenozoic (Itoh et al., 2017; Domeier et al., 2017). In this study, we test these hypotheses against published and unpublished chronology and geochemical data of Cretaceous to early Cenozoic magmatic rocks from Japan, Sikhote-Alin and Sakhalin Island. We discuss their possible implications for a Pacific-Izanagi ridge subduction event, and further compare to the magmatic signature of other documented global ridge-trench interactions.

In general, the Cretaceous to early Cenozoic magmatism of Sikhote-Alin and Sakhalin Island are similar to Japan in activity time and isotopic character. Our synthesis of ~400 published and unpublished age dates reveal a clear magmatic gap between 55 to 46 Ma from the Russian Far East to Japan that most closely corresponds to the early Cenozoic Pacific-Izanagi ridge subduction models. The early Cenozoic magmatic gap is supported by geochemical data that show two major differences before and after the gap: (1) Nd isotopic compositions show a sharply increase from εNd= -14 to 2 in the Cretaceous and Paleocene to εNd= -2 to 5 in the Eocene; (2) (87Sr/86Sr)0 values showed a decrease after the magmatic gap. We also note that the volcanic arc shifted eastward from Sikhote-Alin and Honshu, to Sakhalin and east Hokkaido. Adakitic rocks were formed in the Sikhote-Alin and Kitakami areas. We compare our observed early Cenozoic magmatic gap and geochemical signatures to other documented ridge-trench interactions from the geological record.