Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT24] Probing the Earth's interior with geophysical observation on seafloor

Tue. May 22, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A09 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Daisuke Suetsugu(Department of Deep Earth Structure and Dynamics Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Guilhem BARRUOL(CNRS, Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, France), Hitoshi Kawakatsu(東京大学地震研究所, 共同), Douglas Wiens(Washington University in St Louis), Chairperson:Barruol Guilhem, Kawakatsu Hitoshi

9:00 AM - 9:15 AM

[SIT24-01] Seismic attenuation in the mantle beneath the Ontong Java Plateau from multiple ScS waves

*Daisuke Suetsugu1, Hajime Shiobara2, Hiroko Sugioka3, Aki Ito1, Takehi Isse2, Yasushi Ishihara1, Satoru Tanaka1, Masayuki Obayashi1, Takashi Tonegawa1, Junko Yoshimitsu1, Takumi Kobayashi3 (1.Department of Deep Earth Structure and Dynamics Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2.Earthquake Research Institute, the University of Tokyo, 3.Graduate School of Science, Kobe University)

Keywords: Ontong Java Plateau, Seismic attenuation, ScS waves

We determined shear attenuation of the mantle (Qscs) beneath the Ontong Java Plateau (OJP) using multiple ScS waves recorded at broadband seismic stations on the seafloor and lands in the OJP region and its vicinity. We analyzed seismic records from the 500 km-deep earthquake beneath the New Ireland region on August 30, 2016, which was only an event that enabled Qscs measurements at the stations. The multiple ScS waves traveled the mantle beneath the northern and central parts of the OJP and the region in the west of the OJP, while the waves traveling the mantle beneath the southern half of the OJP were too small to be analyzed. Qscs values from the multiple ScS waves traveling beneath the norther part of the OJP were scattered from 100 to 300. Qscs values obtained from ScS waves traveling outside the OJP mantle were less than 100, lower than those beneath the northern part of the OJP. The Qscs beneath the northern part of the OJP was not significantly different from Qscs values reported by previous studies beneath the Pacific Ocean (130-300), suggesting no significant difference in mantle temperatures beneath the northern OJP and other parts of the Pacific Ocean. A Qscs value for ScS waves traveling the central part of the OJP and Nauru basin (east to the OJP) was lower than 100, which may be attributed to high temperature anomalies and/or melt in the LLSVP beneath the Nauru basin.