Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT24] Probing the Earth's interior with geophysical observation on seafloor

Tue. May 22, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A09 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Daisuke Suetsugu(Department of Deep Earth Structure and Dynamics Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Guilhem BARRUOL(CNRS, Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, France), Hitoshi Kawakatsu(東京大学地震研究所, 共同), Douglas Wiens(Washington University in St Louis), Chairperson:Barruol Guilhem, Kawakatsu Hitoshi

9:45 AM - 10:00 AM

[SIT24-04] Multifrequency P-wave tomography of Ontong Java Plateau

*Masayuki Obayashi1, Junko Yoshimitsu1, Daisuke Suetsugu1, Hajime Shiobara2, Hiroko Sugioka3, Aki Ito1, Takehi Isse2, Yasushi Ishihara4, Satoru Tanaka1, Takashi Tonegawa4, Takumi Kobayashi3 (1.D-EARTH, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2.Earthquake Reserach Institute, Univesrtiy og Tokyo, 3.Department of Planetology, Kobe Univesity, 4.CEAT, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

Keywords:Ontong Java Plateau, tomography, OBS

We obtained a three dimensional P-wave velocity structure with a focus on the mantle beneath the Ontong Java Plateau (OJP) using data from the seismological experiment on the OJP and its vicinity from late 2014 to early 2017. More than 120 events during the 2-years long OBS deployment yielded precious measurements. We measured more than ~170,000 relative travel times of P-wave between any two stations using the cross-correlation method, in passbands between 30 s and 2.7 s dominant period. We also measured more than 120 PP – P differential travel times of which PP rays bounce at the surface around the OJP. We inverted these data in addition to more than 15 million first arrival data of International Seismological Centre and our own data set used in our previous tomography for the whole mantle using the multifrequency tomography technique. The result shows high velocity anomalies at the middle of the OJP in the depth ranges of 100 – 350 km and low velocity anomalies in the northwest part of the OJP at 100 – 350 km depth. Slow anomalies along Caroline islands ridge are also observed down to about 500 km depth. Mantle structures obtained from this new, high resolution tomographic model of the OJP area will be compared to existing tomograms in the presentation.