Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT25] Deep Carbon: Diamond formation and carbon speciation in Earth and planetary processes

Tue. May 22, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A11 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Eiji Ohtani(Department of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Konstantin Litasov(V.S. Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy SB RAS), Hiroyuki Kagi(東京大学大学院理学系研究科附属地殻化学実験施設, 共同), Craig E Manning (University of California Los Angeles), Chairperson:Kagi Hiroyuki(University of Tokyo), Ohtani Eiji(Tohoku University)

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[SIT25-05] Retrograde phases of former bridgmanite inclusions in superdeep diamonds?

Dmitry Zedgenizov1,4, *Hiroyuki Kagi2, Eiji Ohtani3, Tatsuki Tsujimori4, Kazuki Komatsu2, Seiji Kamada5 (1.V.S.Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2.Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 3.Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 4.Center for Northeast Asian Studies, Tohoku University, 5.Frontier Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Sciences, Tohoku University)

Keywords:superdeep diamonds, bridgmanite, inclusions

Bridgmanite (Mg,Fe)SiO3, a high pressure silicate with a perovskite structure, is dominant material in the lower mantle at the depths from 660 to 2700 km and therefore is probably the most abundant mineral in the Earth. Although synthetic analogues of this mineral have been well studied, no naturally occurring samples had ever been found in a rock on the planet’s surface except in some shocked meteorites. Due to its unstable nature under ambient conditions, this phase undergoes retrograde transformation to a pyroxene-type structure. The identification of the retrograde phase as ‘bridgmanite’ in so-called superdeep diamonds was based on the association with ferropericlase (Mg,Fe)O and other high-pressure (supposedly lower-mantle) minerals predicted from theoretical models and HP-HT experiments.
In this study pyroxene inclusions in diamond grains from Juina (Brazil), one single-phase (Sample SL-14) and two composite inclusions of (Mg,Fe)SiO3 coexisting with (Mg,Fe)3Al2Si3O12 (Sample SL-13), and with (Mg,Fe)3Al2Si3O12 and (Mg,Fe)2SiO4 (Sample SL-80) have been analyzed to identify retrograde phases of former bridgmanite. XRD and Raman spectroscopy have revealed that these are orthopyroxene (Opx). (Mg,Fe)2SiO4 and (Mg,Fe)3Al2Si3O12 in these inclusions are identified as olivine and jeffbenite (TAPP). These inclusions are associated with inclusions of (Mg,Fe)O (SL-14), CaSiO3 (SL-80) and composite inclusion of CaSiO3+CaTiO3 (SL-13). XRD patterns of (Mg,Fe)SiO3 inclusions indicate that they consist of polycrystals. This polycrystalline textures together with high lattice strain of host diamond around these inclusions observed from EBSD may be an evidence for the retrograde phase transition of former bridgmanite.
Single-phase inclusions of (Mg,Fe)SiO3 in superdeep diamonds are suggested to represent a retrograde phase of bridgmanite and fully inherit its initial chemical composition, including a high Al and low Ni contents [Harte, Hudson, 2013; Kaminsky, 2017]. The composite inclusions of (Mg,Fe)SiO3 with jeffbenite and other silicate and oxide phases may be interpreted as exolusion products from originally homogeneous bridgmanite [Walter et al., 2011]. The bulk compositions of these composite inclusions are rich in Al, Ti, and Fe which are similar to Al-rich bridgmanite produced in experiments on the MORB composition. However, the retrograde origin of composite inclusions due to decomposition of Al-rich bridgmanite may be doubtful because each of observed phases may represent single-phase inclusions, i.e. bridgmanite and high pressure garnet (majoritic garnet), with similar compositional features.

This work has been partially supported by RFBR (16-05-00451 and 17-55-50062).

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Kaminsky F.V. (2017) The Earth’s Lower Mantle. Springer International Publishing AG.
Walter M.J., Kohn S.C., Araujo D., Bulanova G.P., Smith C.B., Gaillou E., Wang J., Steele A., Shirey S.B. (2011) Deep mantle cycling of oceanic crust: evidence from diamonds and their mineral inclusions. Science 334 (6052): 54-57.