Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT28] The lithosphere and the asthenosphere

Tue. May 22, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 302 (3F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Catherine Rychert(University of Southampton), Hitoshi Kawakatsu(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Samer Naif(共同), Jessica M Warren (University of Delaware), Chairperson:Kawakatsu Hitoshi

3:00 PM - 3:15 PM

[SIT28-06] Determination of Intrinsic Attenuation in the Oceanic Lithosphere-Asthenosphere System

★Invited Papers

*Nozomu Takeuchi1, Hitoshi Kawakatsu1, Hajime Shiobara1, Takehi Isse1, Hiroko Sugioka2, Aki Ito3, Hisashi Utada1 (1.Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 2.Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, 3.Department of Deep Earth Structure and Dynamics Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

Keywords:seismology, lithosphere, asthenosphere, attenuation

Quantitative characterization of the physical properties of the oceanic lithosphere-asthenosphere system (LAS) is indispensable to our understanding of plate tectonics. P and S waves traveling through the oceanic LAS are known to have an anomalous feature of long lasting high frequency waves. A large number recordings of the 2011 Tohoku earthquake aftershocks by broadband ocean bottom seismometer arrays deployed in the NW Pacific provided an unprecedented opportunity to quantitatively separate the intrinsic (anelastic) and extrinsic (scattering) attenuation effects on seismic wave propagation in the pure-oceanic paths and to directly infer thermo-mechanical properties of the oceanic LAS.

For this end, we simulated energy transportation of higher frequency seismic waves (~3 Hz) in scattering media and compared the simulated and observed envelopes. The envelopes observed in the NW Pacific are characterized by larger amplitudes especially in S and quasi-exponential amplitude decay with distance. We showed that such features can be explained if and only if we have high intrinsic Q in the lithosphere and low intrinsic Q in the asthenosphere.

The strong intrinsic attenuation in the asthenosphere obtained in this study (~3 Hz) is comparable to that constrained at lower frequency (~100 s) by surface waves and suggests frequency-independent anelasticity, while that in the lithosphere is frequency dependent. This difference in frequency dependence indicates that the strong and broad peak dissipation recently observed in the laboratory exists only in the asthenosphere and sheds new light on what distinguishes the asthenosphere from the lithosphere.