Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-MP Mineralogy & Petrology

[S-MP34] Oceanic and Continental Subduction Processes

Sun. May 20, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:REHMAN Ur Hafiz(Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kagoshima University), Tatsuki Tsujimori(Tohoku University), Chin Ho Tsai

[SMP34-P02] Origin and metamorphic evolution of corundum (or kyanite)-bearing amphibolites from the Paleoproterozoic Usagaran belt, Tanzania

*Keiko Mori1, Tatsuki Tsujimori1, Nelson Boniface2 (1.Tohoku University, 2.University of Dar es Salaam)

Occurrence of Paleoproterozoic eclogitic rocks have been known in the Usagaran belts of Tanzania. Due to severe retrogression and high-variance mineral assemblage of eclogitic rocks, however, the regional metamorphism is not fully constrained. In order to better understand the metamorphism, we studied corundum (or kyanite)-bearing aluminium-rich amphibolites occurring near the locality of Paleoproterozoic 'eclogitic rocks'. The amphibolites are characterized by the mineral assemblage of Ca-amphibolite + kyanite ± corundum + talc ± garnet ± plagioclase ± quartz. Bulk-rock major and trace elements geochemistry of the investigated three samples suggest that the protolith was troctolic or anorthositic cumulates; they have high values of normative plagioclase and olivine, and show a negative correlation between Ni and Sr, and positive Eu and Sr anomalies in spidergram. The presence of talc + kyanite and the abundance of cordierite and yoderite indicate the minimum pressure of a peak metamorphic condition of P> 1.1GPa and T= 700-850℃. In a quartz-bearing sample, kyanite contains precursor corundum as inclusion. Relict orthopyroxene was found in a plagioclase-rich sample. Our petrological study indicates that the amphiboles recorded a metamorphic trajectory from low-pressure granulite-facies (or igneous) stage, where orthopyroxene was stable, to a high-pressure stage characterized by the mineral assemblage talc + kyanite ± garnet. Bulk-rock compositions, P-T pseudosection analyses and the talc + kyanite stability suggest that the studied amphibolites formed by a collision/subduction of the Archean continental crust at a high-pressure granulite-facies condition rather than eclogite-facies. Such a high geothermal gradient is an indicative of 'hot' subduction-zone geotherm in Paleoproterozoic.