11:00 AM - 11:15 AM
[SMP35-07] Geochemcial contraints on origin and evolution of the Vijayan Complex, Sri Lanka and its role in Gondwana formation
Keywords:Vijayan Complex, Gondwana, Radiogenic isotopes, Geochronology, Sri Lanka
The existing geochronological and geochemical data support that the VC is predominantly a Grenville-aged (~1 Ga) magmatic arc, distinct from the metasedimentary dominated adjacent Highland Complex. Although the geochemical data support a subduction-related magmatic arc model, pervasive K- metasomatism has modified many of the gneisses that now have a granitic composition. This implies that the original rocks of the Vijayan Complex would have been more mafic and likely contained more tonalites and trondhjemites. The unique composition and age of the VC indicate that correlation of its geology with terrains in adjacent parts of Gondwana is difficult, although numerous attempts have been made. Recent studies have highlighted the importance of the Gondwana fragments in Sri Lanka in which only limited radiogenic isotope systematics (whole rock Sm-Nd and Lu-Hf in zircon) have been used to gain insights into continental growth in the Neoproterozoic Earth. However, these studies mainly focused in the HC, WC and KC and only very limited samples from the VC were investigated. These limited whole-rock Nd and Hf-in-zircon isotopic compositions of the VC are more variable than would be expected in an entirely juvenile terrain.
Hence, it is suspected that either unknown volumes of older continental material may have involved in the generation of the Vijayan rocks probably similar to modern island arcs such as Japan or large-scale involvement of trench sediments by subduction. Presently, there is no clear answer to this question, which creates difficulties and inconsistencies in correlating the Sri Lankan crustal terrains with the other Gondwana fragments. Therefore, in this study, we have undertaken a comprehensive geochemical study combining with high precision radiogenic isotopes on rocks of magmatic origin from the VC of Sri Lanka in order to establish the linkage with other Gondwana terrains, as a contribution to the global understanding of supercontinent growth.