[SMP35-P02] Younging direction of carbonate depositional age in Highland Complex, Sri Lanka: Implications for Gondwana amalgamation tectonics
Keywords:metacarbonate, depositional age, Gondwana amalgamation, Sri Lanka
In order to estimate the depositional age using meta-carbonate rocks, it is necessary to evaluate the influence of post depositional chemical alteration during accretion, metamorphism and exhumation. Using a multi-isotope (carbon and oxygen) and, trace and rare earth element screening method we were able to select the least altered metacarbonate rocks from the HC. Although the HC is highly metamorphosed, very low contents of primary Rb in sedimentary carbonates helps to accurately estimate Sr initial (Sri) ratios. The results show that the metacarbonate rocks from the HC have different Sri ratios (at 850 Ma) depending on the region; nearer to the Wanni Complex (87Sr/86Sr = 0.70459±0.00014, central HC (87Sr/86Sr = 0.70578±0.00016) and those nearer to the Vijayan Complex (VC) (87Sr/86Sr = 0.70722±0.0005). This variation suggests that the depositional age of carbonate rocks is younging from west through central to east across the HC, corresponding to ca. 1800-1500 Ma, 890-870 Ma and 750-700 Ma, respectively, when compared with the standard seawater Sr isotope evolution curves of Halverson et al. (2010). Thus, our results clearly point out the fact that the age of sedimentation at the HC-WC boundary in west differs from that at the HC-VC boundary in east.
Our sediment depositional ages when compared with geochronological data from previous studies, suggest that the pelitic rocks in the HC-WC boundary has detrital zircons of Archean, whereas the metapelites of the HC-VC boundary have only zircons of Tonian age. Therefore, we suggest that the sedimentary basin for deposition in the HC-WC boundary was situated nearer to an Archean craton, most probably the Dharwar craton. This is further supported by the fact that the Sr isotopic composition of the carbonate rocks in the HC-WC boundary derived in this study shows the lowest values in the East Gondwanan metacarbonate rocks (Meleshik et al 2008, Otsuji et al 2013). In contrast, the sedimentation at the HC-VC boundary took place next to the Vijayan Arc itself, perhaps as a part of the Tonian Oceanic Super Arc Terrane (TOAST, Jacobs et al., 2015). Thus, our results on Sr isotopic composition of metacarbonate rocks provide important constraints on the temporal and spatial extent of the Mozambique Ocean, which may lead to the understanding of the processes and timing of Gondwana formation.
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