[SMP35-P05] Protolith of orthogneiss and amphibolite in Akebono Rock, Prince Olav Coast, East Antarctica
Keywords:meta-tonalite, amphibolite, juvenile arc, Antarctica
Akebono Rock mainly consists of psammitic- or pelitic-gneisses, orthogneiss, amphibolite, and syn- or post-metamorphic granitic intrusions. The 58th party of the Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition (JARE58) collected the orthogneiss and the amphibolite. The orthogneiss is classified into three lithlogies under the petrography: Hbl-Bt meta-tonalite, Bt-Hbl meta-tonalite, and Bt meta-tonalite. The Hbl-Bt meta-tonalite is geochemically categorized to adakitic rock derived from low-K oceanic slab melting. The Bt-Hbl meta-tonalite has a similar geochemical compositions to low-K arc-type rhyolites erupted in juvenile arc. The Bt meta-tonalite shows almost the same geochemical characteristics to ocean ridge granitoids.
Amphibolite is geologically distinguishable to Amphibolite I and Amphibolite II. The amphibolite I is layered member of the bedrock exposure parallel with the psammitic- or pelitic-gneisses, while amphibolite II occurs as dikes discordant to the bedrock stratigraphy. The both are geochemically resemble to those of island-arc tholeiitic basalt or MORB.
Igneous history of the above investigated rocks of Akebono Rock were probably considered as follows. The amphibolites were formed as basaltic sediments or dikes. The Hbl-Bt meta-tonalite would be correspond to an adakitic intrusion accompanying an oceanic ridge subduction, while the Bt-Hbl meta-tonalite caused as low-K arc-type felsic magmatism in juvenile arc setting. On the other hand, the Bt meta-tonalite might be occur as an ocean ridge granitoids with a partial melting of the subducted oceanic ridge. The meta-tonalites and amphibolites would be good references of juvenile arc constituents originally.