Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-MP Mineralogy & Petrology

[S-MP38] Physics and Chemistry of Minerals

Thu. May 24, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM A02 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Hiroaki Ohfuji(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University), Seiji Kamada(Frontier Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Sciences, Tohoku University), Chairperson:Kamada Seiji(FRIS, Tohoku Univ.)

4:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[SMP38-17] Melting experiments on the MgO–MgSiO3 system to lowermost mantle pressures

*Keisuke Ozawa1, Miyuki Anzai1, Kei Hirose1, Ryosuke Sinmyo1, Shigehiko Tateno2 (1. Department of Earth and Planetary Science, The University of Tokyo, 2.Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Keywords:lower mantle, melting, MgO-MgSiO3, high pressure

Melting experiments on the MgO–MgSiO3 binary system were performed to lowermost mantle pressures using laser-heated diamond-anvil cell techniques. We employed synthetic forsterite and gel starting materials with a wide range of MgO/SiO2 ratios. A gold foil was used as a laser absorber. Quenched molten samples were recovered from high pressure, and their cross-sections at a laser-heated zone were prepared using a focused ion beam (FIB). Melting texture and the compositions of coexisting melt and solid (liquidus phase) were then examined with a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS). The results demonstrate that eutectic composition becomes more MgO-rich with increasing pressure. While our data are consistent with previous experimental results to 26 GPa by Liebske and Frost (2012 EPSL) and to 70 GPa by Ohnishi et al. (2017 PCM), the eutectic melt at 135 GPa exhibits the MgO/SiO2 ratio greater than those obtained by extrapolations in these earlier studies. Based on these new experimental results, we will discuss the large-scale compositional differentiation in a solidifying deep magma ocean.