Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-RD Resources, Mineral Deposit & Resource Exploration

[S-RD33] Resource Geology

Wed. May 23, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM A11 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Tsubasa Otake(Division of Sustainable Resources Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University), Daisuke Araoka(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Ryohei Takahashi(秋田大学大学院国際資源学研究科, 共同), Tatsuo Nozaki(Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chairperson:Takahashi Ryohei(Faculty of International Resource Sciences, Akita University), Araoka Daisuke

3:45 PM - 4:00 PM

[SRD33-12] Mg isotopic composition of submarine vent fluids from arc and back-arc hydrothermal systems in the western Pacific

*EOM JIWON1, Daisuke Araoka2, Toshihiro Yoshimura3, Toshitaka Gamo1, Hodaka Kawahata1 (1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 2.AIST, 3.JAMSTEC)

Keywords:Mg isotope, hydrothermal vent fluid

The major source of dissolved Mg to the ocean is continental weathering of carbonate and silicate minerals, mostly carried by rivers and groundwaters. Since only almost half of Mg from the river is buried into the sediments, hydrothermal circulation is thought to be clearly an important mechanism for Mg removal from the seawater in that Mg is completely removed during high-temperature seawater-rock interaction. However, its role in global geochemical mass balances is still highly uncertain and no research has been reported about Mg isotopes in hydrothermal solution yet. We analyzed Mg isotopic compositions of hydrothermal water samples collected from 11 sites at five arc and back-arc hydrothermal systems in the western Pacific and investigated Mg isotopic exchange between fluids and rock/sediments during hydrothermal circulation. The results showed that the Mg concentrations ranged from 0.8 mmol/kg to 46.3 mmol/kg and that the Mg isotopic ratios are from -1.18 ‰ to -0.80 ‰. Especially, sediment-starved hydrothermal solution showed that the Mg isotopic compositions tend to have lower compositions as the Mg concentrations decrease. On the other hand, sediment-hosted hydrothermal solution (e.g., CLAM site) had Mg isotopic composition of -0.81 ‰ and -0.80‰, slightly higher than that of seawater (-0.83 ‰). Particularly, sample which had near zero concentration of Mg (e.g, sediment-starved hydrothermal system: Suiyo Seamount) showed the lightest Mg isotopic compositions (-1.18 ‰) in our data.