Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-RD Resources, Mineral Deposit & Resource Exploration

[S-RD33] Resource Geology

Wed. May 23, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM A11 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Tsubasa Otake(Division of Sustainable Resources Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University), Daisuke Araoka(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Ryohei Takahashi(秋田大学大学院国際資源学研究科, 共同), Tatsuo Nozaki(Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chairperson:Takahashi Ryohei(Faculty of International Resource Sciences, Akita University), Araoka Daisuke

4:15 PM - 4:30 PM

[SRD33-14] Sr isotope ratios identify origins of detrital materials in ferromanganese crusts: implication for tectonic and climatic impacts to submarine environment

*Keishiro Azami1, Naoto Hirano2, Jun-Ichi Kimura3 (1.Department of Systems Innovation, University of Tokyo, 2.Center for Northeast Asian Studies, Tohoku University, 3.Department of Solid Earth Geochemistry, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

Keywords:Ferromanganese crusts, LA-MC-ICP-MS, Sr isotope ratio

Ferromanganese (Fe-Mn) crusts form by chemical precipitation in submarine environments. The crusts are composed of mainly Fe-Mn oxides with subordinate amount of detrital materials. Because Fe-Mn oxides absorb various elements from the surrounding seawater, Ns ad Os isotope ratios in the Fe-Mn crusts reflect those of seawater at the time of precipitation. Therefore, temporal changes in the marine isotope chemistry are recorded continuously and the marine isotope stratigraphy is applicable for dating of the Fe-Mn crusts. In contrast, Sr isotope ratios given by 87Sr/86Sr in the unleached Fe-Mn crusts show a common value of the modern seawater due to low temperature exchange of the loosely absorbed Sr in the Fe-Mn crusts with that in the ambient seawater1. Therefore, Sr isotope ratios are not suitable for dating. Alternatively, it is possible to identify the sources of detrital materials in the Fe-Mn crusts by examining Sr isotope ratios owing to the unique Sr isotope ratios of some detrital materials.

In this study, we analyzed Sr isotope ratios of the Fe-Mn crusts recovered from off Minamitorishima (Marcus) Island and off NE-Japan using LA-MC-ICP-MS with spatial resolution at 200-μm in both diameter and depth. This enabled analysis of Sr isotope ratios at a high spatial thus temporal resolution. All the data obtained across the surface to the bottom layers of the sample off Minaitorishima Island showed an uniform value representing the present seawater (0.70906)2. In contrast, the sample off NE-Japan showed a higher Sr isotope ratio in its surface layer whereas lower than the present day seawater in its inner layers.

The sample off Minamitorishima Island shows low concentrations of detritus-influenced elements, such as Si and K, along with their Sr isotope ratios same with the present day sweater. This reasonably shows low detritus contents in the Fe-Mn crusts. As for the sample off NE-Japan, the distinct Sr isotope ratios suggest influences of various detrital materials contained in the crusts. Based on the existing isotope database, we found three components for the inventories of the distinct Sr isotope ratios; (1) aeolian dusts from China showing a high Sr isotope ratio, (2) terrigenous detritus from NE-Japan arc showing a low Sr isotope ratio, and (3) Fe-Mn oxides showing intermediate Sr isotope ratio of the present day seawater.

The NE-Japan detrital component increased since 2-3 Ma in response to the rapid uplift of the Ou Backbone Mountain Range in the NE Japan arc3. The Chinese aeolian dust component gradually increased with time corresponding to the increase of tropospheric aeolial dust flux enhanced by the global cooling and increased atmospheric pressure gradient in the dust source region through the Quaternary4. This study revealed a novel use of Sr isotope ratios of the Fe-Mn crusts which enabled to identify the sources and influences of the detrital materials in the Fe-Mn crusts with a high temporal resolution. This approach becomes a powerful tool for decoding the tectonic and climatic histories recorded in the Fe-Mn crusts when the detailed chronology of the Fe-Mn crusts is simultaneously available by applying the marine isotope stratigraphy using the conservative isotopes.

1. Amakawa, H., Ingri, J., Masuda, A. & Shimizu, H. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 105, 554–565 (1991).

2. Faure, G. Principles of isotope geology. (1986).

3. Nakajima, T. in Mechanism of Sedimentary Basin Formation - Multidisciplinary Approach on Active Plate Margins (2013).

4. Zhang, W., Chen, J., Ji, J. & Li, G. Aeolian Res. 23, 11–20 (2016).