Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-RD Resources, Mineral Deposit & Resource Exploration

[S-RD33] Resource Geology

Wed. May 23, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Tsubasa Otake(Division of Sustainable Resources Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University), Daisuke Araoka(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Ryohei Takahashi(秋田大学大学院国際資源学研究科, 共同), Tatsuo Nozaki(Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

[SRD33-P03] Temporal Relationships between Hydrothermal Activities, Intrusions and Phreatomagmatic Brecciation in the Southwest Prospect, in the Vicinity of Sto. Tomas II (Philex) Porphyry Cu-Au Deposit, Baguio District, Philippines

*Avriel Venis Literal Cirineo1, Akira Imai2, Ryohei Takahashi1, Redempta P. Baluda3, Victor B. Maglambayan3, Roy Ronald C. Luis3, Maria Lourdes M. Faustino3, Jacky P. Almadin3 (1.Graduate School of International Resource Sciences, Akita University, 2.Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu University, 3.Philex Mining Corporation)

Keywords:overprinting porphyry type veinlets, overlapping hydrothermal activities, intrusions and phreatomagmatic breccias, Baguio District

The Southwest prospect is one of the indications of multiple phases of porphyry Cu mineralization in the Baguio District. It is located at the southwestern periphery of the Sto. Tomas II Orebody, a 60-year old porphyry Cu-Au mine being operated by Philex Mining Corporation (PMC). Intriguingly, its footprint of Cu and Au mineralization is positioned in between approximately 1400Masl and 850Masl, roughly the same elevation as the Sto. Tomas II Orebody that may possibly be the key to the unravelling the evolution of the porphyry Cu clusters in the Southern Baguio District.

In this study, we summarize the evidence gathered from diamond drillholes sunk in the prospect that would establish the relationships among the multiple phases of intrusive and breccia units and elucidate the accompanying ore-forming processes.

Based on the drillcore logging, at least 6 phases of intrusive rocks and at least 3 breccia units are recognized that intruded through the basement Pugo and Zigzag Formations. The pre-mineralization intrusive rocks include the Pre-mineralization Diorite (PMD), Old Diorite Porphyry (ODP) and the Keratophyre (KTP). The syn- to intra-mineral phases are composed of the Early Mineralization Diorite (EMD) and its brecciated equivalent, termed as the (EMDBx) and the phreatomagmatic breccia 1 (PMBx1). EMD is strongly altered by secondary biotite and magnetite, with disseminations of Cu-Fe sulfides, such as chalcopyrite and bornite, along with cross-cutting veinlets and stringers of magnetite, biotite and quartz. The syn- to intra-mineral timing is indicated by wavy quartz veinlets being terminated within the EMD body. EMD transitions to its brecciated equivalent, the EMDBx, which is thought to be its intrusive breccia counterpart. In turn, EMDBx is at times seen transitioning to PMBx-1, though in most cases, clear cutting of the latter to EMDBx is observed. PMBx-1 is characterized as a clast-rich breccia with chaotic sorting. The clasts are composed of mostly EMD and the earlier rocks, various types of quartz vein fragments and are set in a rock-flour matrix, usually filled with secondary biotite, magnetite and Cu-Fe sulfides when near the contact with EMD, but no significant alteration is observed at the distal portions. Late-mineralization rocks are composed of the Late Diorite (LD), Diorite Porphyry (DP), a matrix-rich phreatomagmatic breccia-2 a (PMBx-2a), and a clasts-rich a matrix-rich phreatomagmatic breccia-2 b (PMBx-2b). Clear cross-cutting relations, overprinting chlorite±epidote-calcite alteration, and sharp decrease in Cu and Au grades establish the late timing of these late-mineralization rocks. Among the intrusive rocks, only LD is significantly vesiculated indicating a significant amount of volatiles was present during crystallization. LD is also characterized by sporadic Au-rich mineralization. Meanwhile, among the breccias only PMBx-2a shows clear crosscutting with PMBx-1 at the deeper portions, and extends upwards to the shallower portions, cutting the PMBx-2b, which is usually infilled with chlorite-pyrite in the open spaces, indicating hydrothermal activity persisted until the late stages. Post Late Andesitic Dikes (LAD) cross-cut all rocks types.
The most peculiar and significant observation in the Southwest prospect is the occurrence of porphyry type veinlets (sheeted quartz-magnetite veinlets) overprinting the PMBx-1, specifically at the central deeper portions (~900Masl to 850Masl). They are accompanied with chalcopyrite-chlorite stringers and chlorite-quartz-sericite±epidote alteration halo. This occurrence corresponds to the highest Cu and Au grades. Furthermore, this occurrence along with the observation of porphyry type veinlets as clasts in the breccia units, as veinlets hosted in intrusive rocks, as well as the occurrence chlorite-pyrite infills in PMBx-2b indicates hydrothermal activities overlapping with multiple phases of intrusion and brecciation.