[SRD33-P05] Textures and mineral chemistry of Ag-Zn-Pb ores from Los Gatos epithermal vein-type deposit, Mexico
Keywords:Mexico, Los Gatos, epithermal Ag-Pb-Zn deposit, mineralization
The veins of the deposit are mainly composed of sphalerite, galena, and quartz, associated partially with fluorite, pyrite, chalcopyrite, marcasite, acanthite, polybasite, and Ag-tetrahedrite. Based on mineral composition and growth textures, the veins are classified into six zones in growth order: ZONE 1 (brecciated zone), ZONE 2 (banded sulfides zone), ZONE 3 (massive sulfides zone), ZONE 4 (fine-banded sulfides zone), ZONE 5 (fine quartz zone), and ZONE 6 (coarse quartz zone). Sphalerites from ZONE 1 to ZONE 3 are characterized by zonal structures with different color and FeS content. Meanwhile, zonal structures of sphalerites in ZONE 4 are unclear with many inclusions of fine sulfides (<50μm). The FeS contents in sphalerites are ranging from 2.45 mol% to 22.02 mol%, the averages of which tend to increase from wall rock side (ZONE 1) to center of veins (ZONE 4). This FeS content and occurrence of sulfides in sphalerites suggest that ZONE 4, ZONE 5, and ZONE 6 were deposited in different mineralization stage.
By these characteristics of sphalerites and other minerals, mineralization of Los Gatos deposit can be classified into two stages: the early Zn-Pb mineralization stage and the late Ag mineralization stage. In early stage, mineralization is characterized by deposition of sphalerites and galenas. Zonal structures in sphalerites suggest that composition and/or temperature of fluid might have changed repeatedly. In contrast, mineralization in late stage is characterized by the formation of silver-minerals in sphalerites and galenas, being due to the additional supply of Ag, Fe, and S-rich fluid. Occurrence of silver-minerals and iron-minerals, and FeS content suggest that this fluid would have dissolved sphalerites and deposited sulfides in sphalerites.