Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-RD Resources, Mineral Deposit & Resource Exploration

[S-RD33] Resource Geology

Wed. May 23, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Tsubasa Otake(Division of Sustainable Resources Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University), Daisuke Araoka(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Ryohei Takahashi(秋田大学大学院国際資源学研究科, 共同), Tatsuo Nozaki(Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)


*Batulzii Dash1, Amar-Amgalan Serjlkhumbe2, Tegshee Tsevegdorj3, Bold-Erdene Gonchigjav3 (1.School of Geology and Mining, Mongolian University Science and Technology, 2.Oyu Tolgoi LLC, 3.Mon gold LLC)

Keywords:flat form, peralkaline granite, shallow depth, fluid absent melt, REE mineralization

A flat, sheet like granite intrusions having W-Mo ores has been determined during exploration of the Eguzer deposit in 1970 - 80 y. This deposit is located in Sukhbaatar province of south-east Mongolia. Two greisenized flat form leucogranites have been documented by drill holes. The two greisenized intrusions were separately occurred from each other among the Carboniferous plagioclase dominant granite. The quartz- wolframite veins exposure at the surface was led to the exploration work. The feeder channels have been proposed for the each flat granite. Three type ores were identified of greisenized granites. They are; rare metal, sulphide and quartz-fluorine. Such flat form granites are noticed from another W -Mo deposits as Arbayan, Uvurbayan in Sukhbaatar province. The granites of these deposits show low Ba, Sr high Rb anomalies in multi-elements diagram, which implies a crystallization of fluid absent melting (Harris et al., 1993). The Li content ranges from 700 to 1100 ppm in granites.
The Khanbogd is big peralkaline pluton, in Southern Mongolia with pegmatites of high concentration of LREE. The Khanbogd pluton composed of two elliptic bodies; main and small, which are well reflected in the satellite images. Flat or laccolith in shape was determined from modeling of gravity data (Kovalenko et al, 2007). According to this model, the northern part of the pluton is the thickest (15 km) and the thickest decreases southerly to about 7 km. A recent study shows a collection of flat or sheet like intrusions in two bodies, by the interpretation of Landsat images. For example, the main body consists of four flat or semi flat intrusions. The most REE rich pegmatites are located in first arc shape like flat intrusion. In the multi-element distribution diagram the fluid absent character is observed from low of Ba, Sr and high of Pb, Th, U, Li (Batulzii, 2017). The above mentioned granites show not symmetric flat chondrite-normalized REE patterns with the strong Eu negative anomaly.
There is alkali syenite and granite pluton Ulantolgoi, in western Mongolia. The Ta-Nb-Zr concentration has estimated from alkali granite of latest phase after alkali syenite. The ferrous minerals for granite and syenite are riebeckite and biotite. The pluton also elliptic in surface same as Khanbogd pluton. The core samples logging and Ta-Nb-Zr concentration show flat form intrusions of different feeder.
The main citation to laccoliths, sills- sheets and ring dike is that those are intrusions associated with magma at shallow depths. This involves that the magma ascends along a plane of fault or bedding in host rocks and forming a relatively sheet or flattened form in direction (Petford, 2008).

That’s the pluton Khanbogd is formed by collection, at least 4 sheet like intrusions in two separate magmatic bodies, which were ascended along disk like fracture planes country rock from shallow depth magma source. High content of fluid immobile elements (Li, U, F), and low of Ba, Sr show a magma crystallization of fluid absent melting.
1. Batulzii D. 2017. Granites emplacement in elliptic form pluton Khanbogd and 18O of granites. In conference proceedings. Irkutsk. 44.
2. Kovalenko, V.I., Yarmolyuk, V.V., Salnikova, E.B., et al. 2007. Geology, geochronology, and geodynamics of the Khanbogd alkali granite pluton in Southern Mongolia. Geotectonics 40, 450-466.
3. Harris, N.B.W., Inger, S., Massey, J. 1993. The role of fluids in the formation of High Himalayan leucogranites. Geological Society London Special Publications. 391–400.
4. Petford N. 2008. Structure and emplacement of high level magmatic systems: introduction. In eds. Tomson and Schofield. London, Special Publications 302, 1-2.