Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-RD Resources, Mineral Deposit & Resource Exploration

[S-RD33] Resource Geology

Wed. May 23, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Tsubasa Otake(Division of Sustainable Resources Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University), Daisuke Araoka(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Ryohei Takahashi(秋田大学大学院国際資源学研究科, 共同), Tatsuo Nozaki(Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

[SRD33-P13] Petroleum source rock evaluation of Mongolian Mesozoic oil shales

*Bat-Orshikh Erdenetsogt1 (1.National University of Mongolia)

Keywords:Mongolia, oil shale, petroleum, source rock potential

Petroleum exploration in Mongolia has been focused on Lower Cretaceous sedimentary rocks because it is accounted as the Independent Petroleum System. In order to improve understanding of the source rock potential of Cretaceous and Jurassic oil shale, the total of 57 Jurassic and Cretaceous oil shale samples are collected from 11 different locations of northern and central Mongolian basins. The contents of total organic carbon (TOC) and source rock screening data were obtained by Leco SC-632 carbon and sulfur determinator and Rock-Eval 6 instrument.
Both Jurassic and Cretaceous oil shales are excellent source rock potential, containing 2.67-19.38 wt.% TOC. The carbonate layers intercalated with oil shale seams also have fair to good petroleum potential, characterized by average 1.2 wt.% TOC. Observed S1 and S2 values of the samples support above mentioned conclusion, as well. Cretaceous oil shales have highly oil prone type I kerogen, derived mainly from lacustrine organic matter, indicated by high HI value ranging from 638 to 957 mgHC/gTOC with an average of 769 mgHC/gTOC. Jurassic oil shales have mixed type II/III kerogen characterized by HI of 270-313 mgHC/gTOC. Average Tmax values of Cretaceous and Jurassic samples are 437°C and 423°C, respectively. The PI values of the samples are quite low, ranging from 0.01 to 0.09. According to measured Tmax and PI values, both Jurassic and Cretaceous oil shales are immature. However, Tmax values of core samples, taken from 400 m to 640 m depth interval of a borehole drilled in Uvurjargalant basin, are slightly elevated (average is 441°C) compared to outcrop samples. Overall, the result of this study contributes organic geochemistry database of Mongolian oil shale and encourages source rock potential of both Jurassic and Cretaceous oil shale.