[SRD33-P13] Petroleum source rock evaluation of Mongolian Mesozoic oil shales
Keywords:Mongolia, oil shale, petroleum, source rock potential
Both Jurassic and Cretaceous oil shales are excellent source rock potential, containing 2.67-19.38 wt.% TOC. The carbonate layers intercalated with oil shale seams also have fair to good petroleum potential, characterized by average 1.2 wt.% TOC. Observed S1 and S2 values of the samples support above mentioned conclusion, as well. Cretaceous oil shales have highly oil prone type I kerogen, derived mainly from lacustrine organic matter, indicated by high HI value ranging from 638 to 957 mgHC/gTOC with an average of 769 mgHC/gTOC. Jurassic oil shales have mixed type II/III kerogen characterized by HI of 270-313 mgHC/gTOC. Average Tmax values of Cretaceous and Jurassic samples are 437°C and 423°C, respectively. The PI values of the samples are quite low, ranging from 0.01 to 0.09. According to measured Tmax and PI values, both Jurassic and Cretaceous oil shales are immature. However, Tmax values of core samples, taken from 400 m to 640 m depth interval of a borehole drilled in Uvurjargalant basin, are slightly elevated (average is 441°C) compared to outcrop samples. Overall, the result of this study contributes organic geochemistry database of Mongolian oil shale and encourages source rock potential of both Jurassic and Cretaceous oil shale.