[SSS04-P05] Frictional properties of accretionary sediments/rocks and their implications for the transition of aseismic to seismic faulting at the Nankai Trough Subduction Zone
Keywords:frictional properties, accretionary sediments/rocks, Nankai Trough
The results show that steady-state friction coefficient μss decreases with increasing content of clay minerals at T ≦100°C, while such tendency becomes weak at T ≧150°C. For a given sample, μss decreases with increasing T from 50°C to 100°C, while it increases with increasing T from 150°C to 200°C, the amount of which tends to be greater for samples with larger amounts of clay minerals.
Our results also show that (a − b) value tends to increase with increasing content of clay minerals at T ≦100°C, whereas (a − b) value tends to decrease with increasing content of clay minerals at T ≧150°C. The former is attributable to the stabilizing effect of clay minerals, while the latter is possibly due to the effects of dissolution–precipitation creep favored at lower Vs and in the presence of clay minerals. For a given sample, (a − b) value tends to decrease with increasing T, which is also likely due to the effects of dissolution–precipitation creep favored at higher Ts or lower Vs.
(a − b) value is positive for all samples at 50°C. At 100°C, (a − b) value is still positive for mud, while it is ≈0 for basalt and negative for chert. Then (a − b) value is negative for most samples at ≧150°C, and all samples exhibited stick-slip at 200°C. Thus in all types of sediments/rocks faulting is stable and aseismic at 50°C, while unstable and seismic at 200°C, demonstrating the shallow transition of aseismic to seismic faulting along the megathrust with increasing T. Our results also show that the transition T is different among different types of sediments/rocks. The transition T increases with increasing content of clay minerals from <100°C for chert with a trace amount of clay minerals, through ≈100°C for basalt with a moderate amount of clay minerals, to >100°C for mudstone with a significant amount of clay minerals.