Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-SS Seismology

[S-SS05] Effective usage of PSHA

Tue. May 22, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM A07 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Matt Gerstenberger(GNS Science), Danijel Schorlemmer(GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences), Ken Xiansheng Hao(防災科学技術研究所 防災システムセンター, 共同), Kuo-Fong Ma(Institute of Geophysics, National Central University, Taiwan, ROC), Chairperson:Gerstenberger Matthew(GNS Science, New Zealand), Schorlemmer Danijel(GFZ-Potsdam, Germany), Hao Ken(National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience, Japan), Ma Kuo-Fong(Department of Earth Sciences, Institute of Geophysics, National Central University, Taiwan)

4:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[SSS05-05] Rethinking Probabilistic Seismic Hazard in Eastern Taiwan after the 2018 Hualien, Taiwan, Earthquake Sequence

★Invited Papers

*Chung-Han Chan1 (1.Earth Observatory of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University)

Keywords:PSHA, Brownian Passage Time, Coulomb stress change, Taiwan

This study re-assesses probabilistic seismic hazard for eastern Taiwan after the 2018 Hualien sequence based on an innovative approach, combining both the Brownian Passage Time (BPT) model and the Coulomb stress change. The 2018 Hualien sequence starts from one Mw4.9 earthquake and a subsequent event with Mw6.1 on February 4th. Due to far away from populated area, no damage was reported. On February 6th, another larger earthquake with Mw6.3 took place close to Hualien City, with more than 100,000 populations, and resulted in damage and fatality. Thus, subsequent seismic activity becomes of crucial concern to rapid hazard re-evaluation and responses to victim relocation and sheltering.

Understanding seismic behaviour relies on interdisciplinary collaboration between seismologists and geologists. The earthquake catalogue shows a sequence of M7-class earthquakes along the Milun and Longitudinal Valley Faults in 1951. Paleo-seismic and geomorphological evidences by the Taiwan Earthquake Model suggest earthquake recurrence periods along the Milun and Longitudinal Valley Faults are 67 and 189 years, respectively. Based on the time elapsed since the last fault-rupture and recurrence intervals mentioned above, the BPT models forecast the rupture probabilities on the Milun and Longitudinal Valley Faults in the coming 50 years are 80 % and 21 %, respectively. In addition to long-term rate model, short-term rate change was evaluated based on the static Coulomb stress interaction between seismogenic sources. The model shows four of the neighbouring seismogenic structures are significantly closer to failure after this sequence, suggesting a higher seismic hazard level. Combining all of the information mentioned above, probabilistic seismic hazard in various time snapshots could be assessed. After the February 4th earthquakes, stress triggering elevated seismic hazard near the epicentres, inferring occurrence of the Mw6.3 event two days later. After February 6th, earthquake probability further increases, suggesting occurrence of aftershock sequence or potential of next larger earthquake in the vicinity. Note that this model forecasts the seismicity rates on the Northern and Southern Ilan Structures are 59 % and 45 %, respectively, higher than the background.