12:00 PM - 12:15 PM
[SSS06-06] Widespread Triggering of Slow-Slip Earthquakes during the Mw7.8 Kaikoura Earthquake: Implications for Earthquake Forecasting
Keywords:slow slip earthquakes, forecasting, subduction zone, Hikurangi, New Zealand, probability
GNS Science has been regularly forecasting aftershock probabilities since the 2010 Canterbury Earthquake Sequence; the Kaikoura triggered SSEs provided a difficult challenge to the ongoing forecasting efforts and required a new approach to incorporate the effect of the SSEs and afterslip into the forecasts. Understanding the impact of SSEs on future seismicity is limited, yet government officials required guidance about the potential for future large earthquakes. This need was further strengthened by an Mw 6.1 on the subduction interface offshore the North Island that was likely triggered by the SSEs. In this presentation we will describe the multi-faceted approach we used to estimate probabilities of large events on the Hikurangi megathrust, including the influence of SSEs. We developed a suite of models and observations and evaluated them jointly to determine 1-year and 10-year forecasts for central New Zealand. These methods included simple stochastic models of stress interactions, statistical clustering models, physics-based simulators and observations of seismicity during past SSE. Results suggest that the impact of the SSE on earthquake likelihood has largely diminished in the year since they began, and we estimate an approximately 30% probability of a M7.0 or greater earthquake in the central New Zealand region within the next decade.