[SSS12-P04] Breakdown of the Gutenberg-Richter law after the 2011 Tohoku earthquake
Keywords:Gutenberg-Richter law, b-value, the 2011 Tohoku earthquake, ocean bottom seismometer data
We applied an automated method for detection and location of earthquakes along the plate interface to onshore and offshore seismic data for both pre- and post-Tohoku periods. The method is composed of the amplitude-based trigger algorithm and the waveform coherence analysis. Under the assumption that the observed FMD is characterized by the G-R law and the magnitude-dependent detection rate, the statistical analysis shows that the breakdown of the G-R law occurs in some areas for the post-Tohoku period. The deviation from the G-R law is confirmed in the magnitude range greater than ~4, where the observed cumulative number of earthquakes shapes a convex curve. In the area that experienced high frequency radiation at the coseismic slip of the 2011 Tohoku earthquake, a substantial decrease in the b-value is observed from before to after the Tohoku earthquake. Such change in the fraction of earthquakes with a magnitude of ~2 might be occurred due to changes in the stress field and/or frictional properties along the plate interface. The areas adjacent to the northern and southern limits of the coseismic slip zone show low b-value for the post-Tohoku period or decrease in the b-value from before to after the Tohoku earthquake. Such feature can be explained by increase of differential stress originated from the main shock in its surrounding area.
Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the MEXT of Japan, under KAKENHI and contract researches.