Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-SS Seismology

[S-SS15] Fault Rheology and Earthquake Physics

Mon. May 21, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A07 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Hideki Mukoyoshi(Department of Geoscience Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Shimane University), Wataru Tanikawa(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Kochi Instutute for Core Sample Research), Takanori Matsuzawa(国立研究開発法人 防災科学技術研究所, 共同), Keisuke Yoshida(Tohoku University), Chairperson:Tanikawa Wataru, Yoshida Keisuke(東北大学大学院理学研究科 地球物理学専攻)

10:45 AM - 11:00 AM

[SSS15-12] Modeling stress field around the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake sequence (M7.3) from seismic moment tensor data (3)

*Satoshi Matsumoto1, Ayaho Mitsuoka2, Yoshihisa Iio3, Shin'ichi Sakai4, Group for urgent joint seismic observation of the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake (1.Institute of Seismology and Volcanology, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, 2.Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University, 3.Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, 4.Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

Keywords:the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake, stress field, spatio-temporal variation

The 2016 Kumamoto earthquake sequence (maximum magnitude 7.3) occurred in the Beppu-Shimabara area, Kyushu, Japan. The sequence was located at one of the highest background seismicity region in the Kyushu Island. Pre-state of stress in this area revealed spatial heterogeneous feature and the largest earthquake fault slipped to follow the maximum shear stress direction on the fault under the heterogeneous stress. In addition, behavior of the faults having complex geometry created stress heterogeneity although average stress level should decline due to the earthquake occurrence. In this study, we attempt to model of the stress field around the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake from seismic moment tensor data before and after the occurrence. Strong spatial stress heterogeneity detected in this region as pointed out by previous studies. Spatial regional stress pattern did not change after the earthquake occurrence except area just around the co-seismic fault. The change in deviatoric stress tensor associated with the co-seismic fault slip have been detected around fault. Considering co-seismic stress change, we estimated the differential stress less than few tens MPa. In addition, the stress concentration at the faults before the earthquake was expected about half magnitude of the released stress. These result suggests that stress condition in the hypocentral area of the sequence is complex and unstable due to low stress and strong heterogeneity.