[STT48-P12] Phase ramp on SAR Interferograms caused by Beam Steering in Azimuth
Keywords:SAR, TOPS, spotlight
In recent years, however, new observation mode, which electrically steers the beam in azimuth direction, became available. When conventional interferometric analysis is applied on such data, overlapping phase ramp caused by this beam steering is observed. We applied correction of this phase ramp to Sentinel-1 TOPS and PALSAR-2 spotlight mode images generated by RINC (Ozawa et al., 2016).
TOPS (Terrain Observation by Progressive Scans) mode steers the beam direction from backward to forward, to observe wider region in shorter observation time. The formulation of the phase ramp can be found in Miranda (2015) and Grandin (2015). We applied their correction, however linear phase trend in azimuth direction remained.
Spotlight mode, on the other hand, steers the beam direction from forward to backward to improve azimuth resolution by illuminating smaller region for longer period. Phase ramp in spotlight mode interferogram can also be removed by proper phase operation. However, linear phase trend in azimuth direction remained, as in TOPS case.
Such phase trend can be easily estimated and removed based on the interferogram, though this is not always applicable since it requires high fringe visibility. We will further investigate this linear phase trend.
We also investigated how other analysis softwares (GAMMA and GMT5SAR) handle these phase ramps. Both turned out to be able to correct phase ramp in TOPS mode interferogram and no remaining linear phase trend is observed. For spotlight mode interferometry, interferogram generated by GAMMA shows linear trend seen in our result, while GMT5SAR did not support the removal of the phase ramp.