Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-VC Volcanology

[S-VC40] Mitigation of Volcanic disaster - Basic and applied research

Thu. May 24, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A04 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Mitsuhiro Yoshimoto(Mount Fuji Research Institute, Yamanashi Prefectural Government), Shinji Takarada(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Yasuhiro Ishimine(鹿児島大学地域防災教育研究センター, 共同), Tomohiro Kubo(National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention), Chairperson:Yoshimoto Mitsuhiro(山梨県富士山科学研究所), Kuri Miwa(東北大学災害科学国際研究所), Yoshimoto Mitsuhiro(防災科学技術研究所)

2:45 PM - 3:00 PM

[SVC40-05] Possible underground collapse of the summit crater of Fuji Volcano in 1987

*Masato Koyama1, Motoo Ukawa2 (1.CIREN, Shizuoka University, 2.Nihon University)

Keywords:Fuji Volcano, summit crater, underground collapse, felt earthquakes in 1987, topography

Abnormal earthquakes were felt four times only at the summit of Fuji Volcano during August 20-27 in 1987. Their intensities were 1-3 in JMA scale and did not cause any damages of buildings and climbers despite a season for climbing. Although no seismometer was installed in the summit meteorological station, the source of the earthquakes was estimated to be just beneath the summit crater of Fuji Volcano, based on the records of high-sensitivity seismometers around the volcano. In this study, we collected and analyzed photographs and eyewitness evidence for surface ruptures of the summit crater in and near the period of the earthquakes. We found a series of evidence for a round depression with diameter of ~50m and depth of ~30m on the inner slope of the summit crater. Comparing several photographs taken in different time, the depression is determined to be generated in the middle 1980s but before the earthquakes. Despite no strict coincidence between the depression and the earthquakes, both phenomena are likely to be caused by an underground collapse of the summit crater, because there are no other records of such earthquakes and depressions since the beginning of continuous observation at the summit meteorological station since 1933.