3:30 PM - 3:45 PM
[SVC41-07] Eruptive style of Aso Volcano: Implication from magma intrusion rate
Keywords:Aso Volcano, Magmatic eruptions, Phreatic eruptions, Magma intrusion rate
Before the magmatic eruption in November 2014, a decrease in contraction rate of the magma chamber, located at about 3km west of the crater at 5 km depth, was detected by GPS observations from 2008 through 2014. And crater lake disappeared in July 2014. And an expansion of the magma chamber was also detected from July to November 2014. Furthermore, frequency and amplitude of long period tremor (LPT), originated from a resonance of a crack-like conduit just beneath the active crater, gradually increase from August 2014, corresponding to the temperature of the crater pit. In addition, from October 20, the amplitude of LPT and continuous short period tremor (SPT) rapidly increased while the magnetic total force changes indicated rapid temperature rise in the shallower part of the crater.
Before the phreatic eruption in Sept. 2015, an expansion of the magma chamber observed and followed by amplitude increase of LPT and SPT as observed before the magmatic eruption. However, the magnetic total force changes indicated gradual temperature rise in the shallower part of the crater, where the crater lake partially resumed.
The phreatic explosion in Oct. 2016 was also preceded by an expansion of the magma chamber and amplitude increase of LPT and SPT with the crater lake existing.
It is possible that these differences in precursory phenomena are correlated to the following eruption style.