Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-VC Volcanology

[S-VC41] Active Volcanism

Tue. May 22, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Convention Hall A (CH-A) (2F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yuta Maeda(Nagoya University), Takahiro Miwa(National research institute for earth science and disaster prevention), Yosuke Aoki(東京大学地震研究所, 共同), Takeshi Nishimura(Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Takahiro Ohkura(Aso Volcanological Laboratory, Institute for Geothermal Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Satoshi Okumura(Division of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Department of Earth Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Tomofumi Kozono(Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Chairperson:Tameguri Takeshi, Kazama Takahito

3:30 PM - 3:45 PM

[SVC41-31] Seismicity and Ground Deformation Associated with Lava Fountain at Showa Crater of Sakurajima Volcano on 22-23 August 2017

*Masato Iguchi1, Haruhisa Nakamichi1, Takeshi Tameguri1, Kohei Hotta1 (1.Sakurajima Volcano Research Center, Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University)

Keywords:Sakurajima, Lava fountain

Continuous lava fountain and following intermittent explosions on August 22-23 is the significant eruptive phenomena of the Sakurajima volcano in 2017. Prior to the lava fountain, inflation of the volcano started from the end of July. Eruption with volcanic ash emission occurred from 11 to 20 in August. Following rapid inflation from August 20, lava fountain occurred from 22h on August 22 and continued to 10 h on the next day. Volcanic tremor and minor infrasound were detected, associated with the lava fountain. Deflation of the volcano was also detected during the fountain and the volume decrease of the pressure source amounted 1.9´105m3. The eruptive rate is significantly higher than eruptive activity with volcanic ash emission. The eruptivity change to intermittent explosions from 11h on August 23. The explosions were followed by “chugging event” with repetition of pulses of volcanic gas and fragment emission. Volcanic tremor and infrasound shows monotone.