Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-VC Volcanology

[S-VC41] Active Volcanism

Tue. May 22, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Convention Hall A (CH-A) (2F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yuta Maeda(Nagoya University), Takahiro Miwa(National research institute for earth science and disaster prevention), Yosuke Aoki(東京大学地震研究所, 共同), Takeshi Nishimura(Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Takahiro Ohkura(Aso Volcanological Laboratory, Institute for Geothermal Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Satoshi Okumura(Division of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Department of Earth Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Tomofumi Kozono(Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Chairperson:Tameguri Takeshi, Kazama Takahito

4:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[SVC41-35] Observations of the evolution of eruption columns at Sakurajima volcano using Himawari-8 Super-Rapid Scan 30-sec imagery

*Keiichi Fukui1, Eiichi Sato1, Toshiki Shimbori1 (1.Meteorological Research Institute)

Keywords:Himawari-8, Super-Rapid Scan, eruption column, volcanic eruption, Sakurajima Volcano, geostationary meteorological satellite

Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) began operation of the new-generation geostationary meteorological satellite, Himawari-8, on July 7, 2015. The imager on board is called Advanced Himawari Imager (AHI), whose observation performance is highly improved compared to that of the predecessor geostationary meteorological satellites MTSAT-series.
1) The number of observation bands is increased from 5 (1 visible band and 4 infrared bands) to 16 (3 visible bands, 3 near-infrared bands, and 10 infrared bands).
2) The spatial resolution is almost doubled (1 km to 0.5-1 km for visible and near-infrared bands and 4 km to 2 km for infrared bands).
3) The full-disk observation frequency is improved from hourly to every 10 minutes.
4) The small regions including Japan (two areas coverage of the 2000 km (E/W) and 1000 km (N/S) rectangle over the North-Eastern and South-Western Japan. Region 1 and 2) and target area (1000×1000 km, Region 3) is carried out high-frequency observation as much as every 2.5 minutes. The target area usually take aim at Kamchatka volcanic region for VAAC, but that looks to Mayon/Philippines for the high volcanic activity as of February 19, 2018.
5) The imagery at two Landmark areas of the 1000 km (E/W) and 500 km (N/S) rectangle can be obtained at every 30 seconds (Super-Rapid Scan observation. Region 4 and 5). The main purposes of this observation are the navigation of satellite, image registration, and moon and deep space observation for calibration of AHI (Bessho et al., 2016). In recent times, the landmark areas are used experimentally for observation of phenomena such as rapidly developing cumulonimbus clouds and volcanic eruptions, and these set at the areas which contains the active volcanoes such as Sakurajima. Region 4 and 5 is collecting the 30-sec imagery of Agung/Indonesia and Sakurajima volcano as of February 19, 2018.

These high-resolution and high-frequency data enable us to observe relatively small-scale and quickly changing phenomena, such as volcanic eruption clouds. The increase in number of the observation bands improves the capability of volcanic ash clouds detection and estimation of various parameters, such as amount and particle size of ash (Hayashi et al., 2016), and can be expected to estimate an amount of sulfur dioxide in volcanic clouds (e.g. Ishii et al., 2018).

In order to detect the changes of ground surface temperature at the crater just before the eruption and the growth of the eruption column just after the explosion, we started the study on the dynamics of eruption columns just after the beginning of eruption by using the Super-Rapid Scan data. Fukui et al. (2017) examined by the comparative studies of Himawari-8 Band 3 (0.64 μm, spatial resolution 0.5 km) Super-Rapid Scan imagery of the eruption column of Sakurajima volcano with the observational data obtained by weather radars (Sato et al., 2017) and video data captured by volcano monitoring cameras of JMA. In this paper, we talk about the results investigated the ascending process and thermal change of eruption column of Sakurajima volcano by using Band 3 and Infrared band data.

Bessho, K. et al. (2016) An Introduction to Himawari-8/9 —Japan’s New-Generation Geostationary Meteorological Satellites. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 94, 151-183, DOI:10.2151/jmsj.2016-009.
Fukui, K. et al. (2017) Observations of volcanic eruption columns using Himawari-8 Super-Rapid Scan 30-sec imagery. JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017, MIS02-P03
Hayashi, Y. et al. (2016) Observation of volcanic ash clouds by Himawari-8. JpGU 2016, MIS26-06.
Sato, E. et al. (2017) Volcanic ash plume observation by weather radars. JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017, MIS02-P01.
Ishii, K. et al. (2018) Using Himawari-8, estimation of SO2 cloud altitude at Aso volcano eruption, on October 8, 2016. Earth, Planets and Space, 70:19, DOI:10.1186/s40623-018-0793-9.