4:15 PM - 4:30 PM
[SVC41-52] Integrated marine investigations of Kikai Caldera, SW Japan
The first finding of our investigations is lines of evidence for creation of a giant rhyolite lava dome (~32 km3) after the caldera collapse. This dome is still active as water column anomalies accompanied by bubbling from its surface are observed by the water column mapping. Chemical characteristics of dome-forming rhyolites akin to those of presently active small volcanic cones are different from those of supereruption. The voluminous post-caldera activity is thus not caused simply by squeezing the remnant of syn-caldera magma but may tap a magma system that has evolved both chemically and physically since the 7.3-ka supereruption.
We have been conducting integrated analyses of our data set, and have planned the fourth research cruise with T/S Fukae-maru on March, 2018, consisting of MCS survey, ROV observation, OBEM with absolute pressure gauge observation, and bathymetric and surface geomagnetic survey. We will introduce results of the data analyses and the upcoming cruise in the presentation.