Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-VC Volcanology

[S-VC41] Active Volcanism

Wed. May 23, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yuta Maeda(Nagoya University), Takahiro Miwa(National research institute for earth science and disaster prevention), Yosuke Aoki(東京大学地震研究所, 共同), Takeshi Nishimura(Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Takahiro Ohkura(Aso Volcanological Laboratory, Institute for Geothermal Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Satoshi Okumura(Division of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Department of Earth Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Tomofumi Kozono(Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University)

[SVC41-P34] Eruption history in the southern part of Kozushima Volcano, Izu Islands

*ITO MIWAKO1, Fumikatsu NISHIZAWA2, Daisuke Ishimura1,2, Makoto Kobayashi2, Takehiko Suzuki1,2 (1.Faculty of Urban Environmental Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, 2.Research Center for Volcanic Hazards and Their Mitigation, Tokyo Metropolitan University)

This study using tephrochronology revealed the formation order of lava domes and tephrostratigraphy in the southern part of Kozushima, Izu Islands. Because the identification of Kozushima tephras under only field and microscopic observations is not sufficient to discriminate proximal tephras, we have examined the major element compositions of glass shards using SEM-EDS. Lava domes in the southern part of Kozushima are composed of Takodo, Osawa, and Matsuyamabana lava domes. According to the previous studies, tephras deposited in the southern part of Kozushima are Chichibuyama pyroclastic surge deposit B (Cb-B), Chichibuyama pyroclastic surge deposit A(Cb-A), and Tenjosan pyroclastic surge deposit in ascending order. Pyroclastic ?ow and surge deposits forming the pyroclastic cone of the Takodoyama lava dome are immediately overlain by AT tephra (30 ka) and are correlated with Cb-B on Membo lava. After this eruptive event, Osawa lava dome and Matsuyamabana lava have been formed with the deposition of Cb-A in the same eruption at about 26-22 cal ka BP, covering Menbo lava in southern Kozushima. The results of the major element compositions measurements show that Cb-A lacked in CaO than Cb-B, and abundant in K2O than Cb-B, showing that they are distinguishable. A weathered lava overlain by Cb-B is located in south Matsuyamabana lava. This shows that this lava was formed before the formation of Takodo lava dome. Therefore, we named Naggasaki lava for this lava as independent lava from the Matsuyamabana lava. Thus, it becames apparent that lava domes in southern part of Kozushima erupted in the order of Nagassaki lava, Takodo lava dome, Matsuyamabana lava, Osawa lava dome. It is presumed that the crater of Matsuyama volcano is located in just under Osawa volcano. Because Matsuyamabana lava dips gently to the south. It is assumed that Cb-A erupted just after the formation of Matsuyamabana lava effusion, because Cb-A on the Matsuyamabana lava is reddened by thermal oxidation. The formation of Osawa lava effused after Cb-A eruption, because Cb-A does not exist above the Osawa lava. Previous studies showed there are no proximal tephras between Tenjosan pyroclastic surge deposit (AD838), and Cb-A in the southern part of Kozushima. However, in this study we clari?ed that volcanic ash layer from northern part of Kozushima exists above Cb-A.