Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-VC Volcanology

[S-VC42] Hydrothermal systems of volcanoes

Wed. May 23, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM A08 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Yasuhiro Fujimitsu(Department of Earth Resources Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu University), Wataru Kanda(Volcanic Fluid Research Center, School of Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Takeshi Ohba(東海大学理学部化学科), Chairperson:Ohba Takeshi, Kanda Wataru

3:45 PM - 4:00 PM

[SVC42-08] Determination on the stable isotopic compositions of water vapor in volcanic plumes

*Masanori Ito1, Urumu Tsunogai1, Koji U Takahashi2, Naoyuki Kurita3, Fumiko Nakagawa1, Hiroshi Shinohara2 (1.Nagoya University, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, 2.Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 3.Nagoya University, Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research)

Keywords:volcanic gases, stable isotopic compositions, Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy

The fumarolic H2O occupied more than 80% of volatiles ejected from volcanic fumaroles (volcanic gases). The origin of fumarolic H2O is either magma (magmatic water) or groundwater (meteoric water). Because of the significant differences in the isotopic ratios (δD and δ18O) of H2O between magmatic water and meteoric water, we can differentiate the origins of fumarolic H2O (magmatic water or meteoric water), if we can determine the isotopic ratios of fumarolic H2O from those in volcanic plumes during a volcanic eruption. This is extremely useful to clarify the mechanism of each volcanic eruption, magmatic eruption and phreatic eruption.

In this study, we developed a new system to determine the isotopic ratios of H2O in volcanic plumes by using Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopic system (CRDS) and applied for the measurements on the plume samples. The samples of a volcanic plume were taken around high temperature (> 700 °C) fumaroles in Satsuma-Iwojima volcano. We collected around 15 samples of the volcanic plume into pre-evacuated glass bottles (ca. 500 ml), while changing the distances from a fumarole. Besides, we also collected the fumarolic H2O through condensation using a cold trap. The isotopic ratios (δD and δ18O) of plume H2O showed strong linear correlation (R2 = 0.75 and 0.78, respectively) with the reciprocal of H2O concentration. The δD and δ18O values of the fumarole H2O estimated from the linear relationships were −16.2 ± 10.5 ‰ and +4.0 ± 1.9 ‰, respectively. Because the values coincided well with those of fumarolic H2O collected directly at the fumarole (−22.9 ± 1.2 ‰ and +7.8 ± 0.4 ‰, respectively), we concluded that we can apply the present method to determine the stable isotopic ratios of fumarolic H2O remotely using plume H2O, and to clarify the mechanisms of each volcanic eruption.
This study was supported by MEXT Scientific Research Program grants "Integrated Program for Next Generation Volcano Research and Human Resource Development ".