[SVC44-P06] Lateral changes of GSD structures in the plinian fall deposits deduced by two-dimensional constant source model
Keywords:Two-dimensional constant source model, Grain-size distribution (GSD), Pyroclastic fall deposit, GSD structure, Critical level, Lateral change
In the two-dimensional constant source (2DCS) model, we call the GSD above the vent as the 2D source GSD. We assume: 1) the 2D source GSD is constant during the supply duration, 2) the velocity field in the ash cloud is constant with time, 3) the fall velocity only depends on the particle size and is constant with time, 4) no lateral transport after segregation from the bottom of the ash cloud occurs (no wind condition).
We obtain the lateral change of the GSD in the ash cloud which decreases exponentially with distance from the 2D source due to the segregation effect. The GSD in the sediment (sediment GSD) corresponds to the GSD in the ash cloud satisfying the time relation for each particle. We analyze the lateral change of the critical level with a use of given velocity field in the ash cloud. The critical level decreases with the distance depending on degree of the particle segregation. For example, rapid expansion of ash cloud reduces the degree of particle size segregation, then the lateral change of the critical level becomes gradual. The decreasing rate of critical revel with distance become high with decreasing the supply duration because the total amount of the largest particles decreases relatively. Using the 2DCS model and observed values (e.g., the 2D source GSD obtained by geological survey and the velocity field expected by the satellite image), the lateral changes of the GSD structures in the pyroclastic fall deposits can be predicted and can be compared to the observed ones.