Tue. May 28, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM
convener:Kazuhito Ichii(Chiba University), Prabir Patra(Research Institute for Global Change, JAMSTEC), Forrest M. Hoffman(Oak Ridge National Laboratory), Makoto Saito(National Institute of Environmental Studies), Chairperson:Prabir Patra
The landmark Paris Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) aims at reduction of greenhouse gases (GHGs) emission to keep the global warming below 2 degC. As per the agreement the nationally determined commitments (NDCs) and their progresses should be carefully monitored and verified by international bodies. The emission verification will be based on observation of the time evolution of greenhouse gases and model-based estimations of emissions from time to time.
In recent years, the number of observations and new techniques to monitor GHGs budget have been increasing. The improvements includes observational platforms for monitoring atmospheric GHGs, national or regional emission inventories, top-down models (e.g. atmospheric inverse models), and bottom-up models (e.g. process-based models). However, due to uncertainties in modeling and sparse observation network, high uncertainty exists in GHGs sources/sinks estimations at global and regional scales. These uncertainties lead to large variations in future projection of GHG budgets and climate changes.
The purpose of the session is to discuss state-of-the-art techniques for estimations of GHGs (e.g. CO2, CH4, N2O) budget at global and regional scales. The topic includes natural and anthropogenic processes, various methodologies (e.g. in-situ observation, aircraft monitoring, remote sensing, modeling), and various targets (e.g. atmosphere, terrestrial, and ocean), various spatial and temporal coverage (e.g. regional to global scales and past-present-future). Improved estimates of emissions from land use change, forest fires, and other anthropogenic sources (urban developments and thermal power station etc.) are also of interest. We also welcome discussions for designs and plans for future studies targeting city and country scale emission estimations using sophisticated modeling tools.