Tue. May 28, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM
convener:Ayako Seiki(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Tomoki Tozuka(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Motoki Nagura(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Youichi Kamae(Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba), Chairperson:Tomoki Tozuka(The University of Tokyo), Youichi Kamae(University of Tsukuba)
Multi-scale ocean-atmosphere interaction in the tropics exerts a significant imprint on the global climate via atmospheric teleconnection. Since the 1980s, anchored by in-situ and satellite observations, improvements in modeling and theoretical understanding, various aspects of dominant modes of interannual (e.g., ENSO and IOD), intraseasonal (e.g., MJO) variabilities and their impacts on tropical (e.g., monsoons) and extra-tropical (e.g., North America) climate variations have received wide attention. Recent satellite-based salinity measurements indicate for an active role of salinity in the tropical ocean-atmosphere interaction. While recent studies suggest a possible link between interdecadal Pacific oscillation and global warming hiatus in 2000s, changes (if any) in the tropical ocean-atmosphere interaction are yet to be understood. Due to interactions between different time scales, between different ocean basins, and with the extratropics, the tropical ocean and atmosphere play a key role in shaping climate, its variability and change. To better understand and examine these challenging issues from various perspectives, this session offers a forum to discuss recent progress in observational, modeling and theoretical studies of multi-scale tropical ocean-atmosphere interaction.