Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS03] Large-scale moisture and organized cloud systems

Tue. May 28, 2019 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 104 (1F)

convener:Hiroaki Miura(The University of Tokyo), Atsushi Hamada(University of Toyama), Satoru Yokoi(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Masaki Satoh(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Hiroaki Miura

2:15 PM - 2:30 PM

[AAS03-03] The role of interactive SST in the cloud-resolving simulations of aggregated convection

★Invited Papers

*Chien-Ming Wu1, Yan-Ting Chen1 (1.National Taiwan University)

Keywords:boundary layer processes, large-scale moisture, aggregated convection

This study investigates the role of interactive SST in the early development of aggregated convection using a vector vorticity equation cloud-resolving model (VVM) coupled to a slab ocean. The simulations are initialized by a mock Walker circulation driven by initial SST gradient in the elongated x-axis, with an average of 300K and sinusoidal variation of amplitude ranging from 1.5K to 3K. According to large-scale perturbation strength, which is caused by SST variation, the results can be divided into two groups. Under weak perturbation, convection-SST feedback efficiently eliminates SST gradient and moisture anomaly. The large-scale environment is homogenized within two days. Even though SST in the group with stronger perturbation undergoes a similar process, significant moist static energy (MSE) advection in the boundary produces enough moisture difference to introduce virtual temperature effect and aggregation is triggered. Once dry zone starts to expand, radiative and convective effects regenerate SST gradient, which intensifies circulation and accelerates the process. We further show that the evolution of aggregation or not is captured by the trend of MSE-EIS variance. The results highlight the boundary layer processes on the formation of aggregated convection in the tropics.