Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS04] Atmospheric Chemistry

Wed. May 29, 2019 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 102 (1F)

convener:Tomoki Nakayama(Graduate School of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Nagasaki University), Yoko Iwamoto(Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University), Sakae Toyoda(Department of Chemical Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Nawo Eguchi(Kyushu University), Chairperson:Fumiko Nakagawa(名古屋大学)

10:15 AM - 10:30 AM

[AAS04-05] Development of a large volume sampling system for measuring stable isotope analysis of carbonyl sulfide and field observation

*Kazuki Kamezaki1, Shohei Hattori1, Naohiro Yoshida1,2 (1.Department of Chemical Science and Engineering, School of Materials and Chemical Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 226-8502, Japan, 2.Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1-IE-1 Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8550, Japan)

Keywords:Carbonyl sulfide, Sulfur isotope, atmospheric trace components

Carbonyl sulfide (OCS) is the most abundant sulfur-containing gas in the ambient atmosphere, with an average mixing ratio of 500 parts per trillion (ppt) by volume in the troposphere. OCS is suggested as a sulfur source of the stratospheric sulfate aerosols (SSA) which plays an important role for Earth of radiation budget and for ozone depletion. Moreover, since leaves consume OCS whenever they are assimilating CO2 with same process but plant does not emit OCS to atmosphere by respiration, OCS provides a means to partition net ecosystem exchange into gross primary production (GPP) and respiration on land. Nevertheless, current figures for tropospheric OCS sources and sinks carry large uncertainties.

Isotope analysis is a useful tool to trace sources and transformations of trace gases. Very recently, Angert et al. (2019 Sci. Rep.) reported d34S value at Israel and Canary Island for tropospheric OCS using a gas chromatograph (GC)/multi collector-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (MC-ICP-MS). For the measurement of sulfur isotope ratios of OCS in our laboratory, an online method measuring on a GC/isotope ratio (IR)-MS using S+ fragmentation ions had been developed (Hattori et al., 2015). This method supports simple analysis of sulfur isotopic compositions of OCS over 8 nmol. However, application this method for atmospheric samples has yet to be done by this GC/IR-MS method, because of the large sample amounts that are necessary (i.e. 500 L of 500 pmol mol1 OCS). Therefore, we developed a large volume air sampling system to apply S+ IR-MS method for atmospheric samples and we observed d34S value in Suzukakedai campus at Yokohama (Kamezaki et al., 2019 Atmos. Meas. Tech.).

We will discuss the difference between the result of Angert et al. (2019) and our observation. Additionally, we also report the result in field campaign using our developed method.