Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS04] Atmospheric Chemistry

Thu. May 30, 2019 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 102 (1F)

convener:Tomoki Nakayama(Graduate School of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Nagasaki University), Yoko Iwamoto(Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University), Sakae Toyoda(Department of Chemical Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Nawo Eguchi(Kyushu University), Chairperson:Hisahiro Takashima(福岡大学)

9:45 AM - 10:00 AM

[AAS04-19] Recent trends of NO2, VOC, and tropospheric ozone concentrations observed around Chiba, Japan in 2013-2018

*Daichi Yonekawa1, Hitoshi Irie2 (1.Chiba university Graduate school, 2.Chiba university)

Keywords:Nitrogen dioxide, Volatile organic compounds, Tropospheric ozone

Tropospheric ozone (O3) is not only a major photochemical oxidant but also the third important greenhouse gas. In recent years its importance is widely recognized as a short-lived climate pollutant (SLCP). As nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and volatile organic compounds (VOC) are both important precursors of O3, they play a central role in photochemical chemistry in the atmosphere. In addition, they have negative direct effects on human health. However, recent trends of O3, NO2, and VOC have not been fully understood yet even in Japan.
Using the multi-axis differential optical absorption spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS), we conducted continuous observations of NO2, formaldehyde (HCHO; as a substitute for VOC) and O3 concentrations for altitudes of 0-1 km at the SKYNET Chiba site (35.63ºN, 140.10ºE, 21 m asl) for 6 years from 2013 to 2018. Analysis of the data showed that NO2 and HCHO concentrations decreased by about 30%, but a systematic decrease in O3 concentration was not observed. Similar trends were seen in tropospheric NO2 column data obtained by the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) onboard the Aura satellite of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and concentration data of NO2, non-methane hydrocarbon (NMHC; as a substitute for VOC), and photochemical oxidant (Ox; as a substitute for O3) observed by the atmospheric environmental regional observation system (AEROS) called Soramamekun. These results are consistent with previous reports. In this presentation, the observed trends and their causes will also be discussed by utilizing our unique MAX-DOAS system that was directed to 4 different azimuth directions (north, east, west, and south), while traffic is heavy at the north, a residential area is located at the east, there is a sea at the west, and a factory area is located at the south around the SKYNET Chiba site.