Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS05] Stratosphere-troposphere Processes And their Role in Climate

Wed. May 29, 2019 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 201B (2F)

convener:Yoshio Kawatani(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Shingo Watanabe(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Takashi Sekiya(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Kaoru Sato(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Watanabe Shingo(海洋研究開発機構)

9:10 AM - 9:40 AM

[AAS05-01] Turbulent kinetic energy dissipation rates depending on the polar vortex and on synoptic-scale disturbances in the UTLS region in the Antarctic

★Invited Papers

*Masashi Kohma1, Kaoru Sato1, Koji Nishimura2, Masaki Tsutsumi2 (1.Department of Earth and Planet Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 2.National Institute of Polar Research and The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI))

Keywords:turbulent kinetic energy dissipation rate, polar vortex, atmospheric radar

The turbulence kinetic energy dissipation rate (TKEDR) is a fundamental parameter describing atmospheric turbulence. Our previous study reported the first estimation of the TKEDR in the free atmosphere in the Antarctic from atmospheric radar measurements at Syowa Station, and showed that the TKEDR in the 10–15 km height range became large in May through October. This fact suggests that the seasonal evolution of polar vortex has impact on the TKEDR in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UTLS). The present study investigates the dependence of the TKEDR on the relative location to the polar vortex and on each phase of synoptic scale disturbances during austral winter in the UTLS region using the radar measurements at Syowa Station. First, the TKEDR is obtained as a function of the relative distance from the edge of the polar vortex. The edge of the polar vortex was determined from Ertel’s potential vorticity on 475-K isentropic surface (Nash et al., 1996). The result showed that the TKEDR is significantly large near the polar vortex edge compared to that outside and deep inside the polar vortex. Furthermore, it is clarified that the TKEDR largely depends on synoptic-scale PV perturbation around the tropopause (300-K isentropic surface).