Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG34] Satellite Earth Environment Observation

Wed. May 29, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 302 (3F)

convener:Riko Oki(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Yoshiaki HONDA(Center for Environmental Remote Sensing, Chiba University), Yukari Takayabu(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, the University of Tokyo), Tsuneo Matsunaga(Center for Global Environmental Research and Satellite Observation Center, National Institute for Environmental Studies), Chairperson:Misako Kachi(Earth Observation Research Center, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency )

4:15 PM - 4:30 PM


*Shailesh Parihar1, R. Bhatla1, A. K. Mitra2 (1.Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India, 2.India Meteorological Department, New Delhi, India)

Keywords:INSAT-3D, vicarious calibration, radiative transfer model 6S

Radiometric phenomena of Earth Observation Satellite sensors vary between ground pre-launch calibration campaign, after launch and over satellite lifetime due to launching vibration, eventual optical element misalignments, generally space harsh environment. One of vicarious calibration methods is the reflectance-based approach that is applied here to radiometric calibration of INSAT-3D visible channel. In-situ vicarious calibration method for radiometric calibration of visible (VIS 550–750 nm) sensor onboard geostationary satellite INSAT-3D has been carried out for characterizing the radiometric uniformity of the site at Bhuj, Gujarat. The measurements of ground reflectance (spectral range of 350–2500 nm), aerosol optical depth (AOD), total column ozone from Spectroradiometer (spectral range of 350–2500 nm), Sunphotometer, Ozonometer respectively and other meteorological variables were obtained from site during the field campaigns and calibration coefficients with bias and relative error for optical sensor of the INSAT-3D satellite is presented. Based on these measurements, simulations of radiance reaching at top of the atmosphere (TOA) were carried out using radiative transfer model 6S (Second Simulation of the Satellite Signal in the Solar Spectrum). The computed TOA radiances when compared with the sensor measured radiances for various dates and sites show an over-estimation of TOA radiance. The analysis suggested that Bhuj site has been preferred for post launch vicarious calibration of optical sensor of INSAT-3D satellite as well as upcoming geostationary INSAT satellite series.