Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG34] Satellite Earth Environment Observation

Thu. May 30, 2019 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Riko Oki(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Yoshiaki HONDA(Center for Environmental Remote Sensing, Chiba University), Yukari Takayabu(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, the University of Tokyo), Tsuneo Matsunaga(Center for Global Environmental Research and Satellite Observation Center, National Institute for Environmental Studies)

[ACG34-P04] Concept of small satellite UV/visible imaging spectrometer optimized for tropospheric NO2 measurements in air quality monitoring

*Tamaki Fujinawa1,5, Katsuyuki Noguchi2, Akihiko Kuze3, Andreas Richter4, John P. Burrows4, Andreas C. Meier4, Tomohiro Sato1, Takeshi Kuroda1, Naohiro Yoshida5, YASUKO KASAI1,5 (1.National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, 2.Nara Women's University, 3.Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 4.University of Bremen, 5.Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Keywords:Nitrogen dioxide, Earth observation, Radiative transfer model, Remote sensing

Satellite observations at nadir can potentially facilitate a better understanding of the emissions and distribution of tropospheric nitrogen dioxide, NO2. The identification of emissions requires adequate spatiotemporal resolution measurements of the total column amounts of NO2. The spatial resolution of previous and current observations is insufficient for the identification of NO2 hot-spots. Switching to a spatial resolution of ~1 km x ~1 km can improve the identification of local sources of NO2 and their emissions. To investigate the feasibility of observations with such a high spatial resolution, we simulated radiance spectra for different cases under varying parameters, such as area, season, satellite altitude, and surface reflectance by using the radiative transfer model SCIATRAN. We subsequently retrieved NO2 slant column densities (SCDs) using the differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS) technique with several fit windows. For test cases associated with polluted conditions, we found that the conceptual nadir-observing instrument on a satellite at an altitude of ~300 km involved the lowest retrieval errors for signal-to-noise ratios of around 1000 with accuracy better than the required 5% for tropospheric NO2 SCD and that the fit window of 425--497 nm met the scientific requirements for both surface reflectance cases.