Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG35] Projection and detection of global environmental change

Wed. May 29, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 303 (3F)

convener:Michio Kawamiya(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Hiroaki Tatebe(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Kaoru Tachiiri(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chairperson:Kaoru Tachiiri(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Michio Kawamiya(JAMSTEC)

4:15 PM - 4:30 PM

[ACG35-10] Radiative forcing of the physiological CO2 response

*Victor Brovkin1, Veronika Gayler1, Sonia I Seneviratne2, Pierre Gentine3 (1.Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2.ETH, Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, Zurich, Switzerland, 3.Columbia University, Earth and Environmental Engineering, New York, USA)

Keywords:climate feedbacks, vegetation cover, radiative forcing

Theory and observations indicate that plant stomatal conductance decreases in response to increase in the atmospheric CO2. This physiological CO2 response causes reduction in the evapotranspiration and modification of the global hydrological cycle, affecting the global radiative fluxes and climate sensitivity. While this biogeophysical mechanism is included into all comprehensive Earth System Models, its radiative forcing has not been isolated from the other biospheric feedbacks. To evaluate the scale of its radiative forcing, we performed two sensitivity experiments with the CMIP6 version of the MPI Earth system model (MPI-ESM1.2-LR). In addition to the standard 4xCO2 simulation, in which both climate and carbon cycle respond to an instantaneous 4-fold increase in CO2, we performed the 4xCO2rad simulation in which biogeochemistry and plants were not affected by elevated CO2. We analyse changes in outgoing radiation and surface temperature using the Gregory et al. (2004) approach for radiative forcing, and compare results with- and without physiological CO2 response. Rescaling to the doubling of the CO2 concentration, stomatal conductance response increases equilibrium climate sensitivity of the model by ca. 10%, and its radiative feedback is estimated at 0.14 W/m2/K. This suggest that the magnitude of this positive biogeophysical feedback is comparable with the magnitude of biogeochemical (climate-carbon) feedback.