[ACG37-P13] Iron and macronutrient distributions near the fronts of marine-terminating glaciers in Inglefield Gulf, northwestern Greenland
Keywords:Greenland, Marine-terminating glacier, Nutrient, Iron
In the summers of 2016-18, we collected meltwater samples on Bowdoin Glacier, one of marine-terminating glaciers feeding Inglefield Gulf. Seawater was sampled in Inglefield Gulf with acid-cleaned Teflon-coated Niskin-X samplers and a Teflon coating messenger suspended on a Kevlar wire. Dissolved Fe (DFe, passes 0.2 μm acid-cleaned filters) in the seawater samplers was pre-concentrated using NOBIAS Chelate PA-1 resin (Hitachi High-Tech. Corp.). The DFe in the seawater and the glacial meltwater were analyzed with and without pre-concentration on a Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (Hitachi High-Tech. Corp.). Macronutrient in these water samplers was analyzed using an auto-analyzer (QuAAtro, BL TEC Inc.) with a continuous flow system.
Near the terminus of three marine-terminating glaciers (Melvill, Sharp, and Hart Glaciers), relatively cold (1~2°C) and fresh (as low as 28) waters were distributed in the upper 50 m. We deduce that the water masses in the upper 50 m have been modified by interaction with these glaciers, as previously reported. The DFe in the glacially modified waters ranged from 1.5 to 4.3 nmol/kg. On the Bowdoin Glacier, DFe in the meltwater ranged from 15.6 to 636 nmol/kg, with an average of 197 ± 179 nmol/kg (n = 13). The glacial meltwater was significantly enriched in DFe, and thus discharge from marine-terminating glaciers is a potentially important DFe source of the glacially modified waters. The DFe:nitrate (NO3-) ratios in the glacially modified waters varied from 0.7 to 147 mmol/mol, which were notably higher than phytoplankton cellular Fe:N ratios (~0.02 mmol/mol, Sunda and Huntsman, 1995). This suggests that phytoplankton in the glacially modified waters were under Fe replete conditions in Inglefield Gulf.