Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG38] Multi-scale ocean-atmosphere interaction in the tropical Indo-Pacific region

Tue. May 28, 2019 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 104 (1F)

convener:Ayako Seiki(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Tomoki Tozuka(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Motoki Nagura(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Youichi Kamae(Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba), Chairperson:Ayako Seiki(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Motoki Nagura(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

9:15 AM - 9:30 AM

[ACG38-02] Influence and mechanism of the tropical Pacific variability on the Arctic and its seasonality

*Tsubasa Takigawa1, Yu Kosaka1, Bunmei Taguchi1, Lea Svendsen2 (1.Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Tokyo, 2.Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, University of Bergen)

Keywords:ENSO, Inter-decadal Pacific Oscillation, Teleconnection

Arctic temperature has increased about twice as fast as global mean surface temperature in recent decades. While anthropogenic influence on this Arctic warming is evident, potential contributions from internal climate variability remains to be examined. Svendsen et al. (2018) showed that Pacific decadal variability played a key role in the early twentieth century Arctic warming through a coupled model pacemaker experiments with historical forcing. It is still unclear, however, how much influence the Pacific internal variability induces on the Arctic and how this remote influence is conveyed.
This study investigates the relationship between Arctic climate and tropical Pacific variability (TPV) by using a pre-industrial control experiment with GFDL CM2.1, with the primary aim to quantify the effect of TPV in different timescales. The result shows that the surface temperature response at high latitudes is amplified at multi-decadal timescales compared to sub-decadal one. The Arctic temperature anomalies peak near surface and diminishes with height. Moreover, Arctic temperature and sea ice responses feature strong seasonality with peak in late winter, despite weak seasonality of the tropical SST anomalies associated with decadal TPV. These features bear similarity to radiatively induced Arctic warming, and suggest importance of local feedbacks in Arctic climate variability driven remotely by the TPV.