3:00 PM - 3:15 PM
[ACG44-05] Revisit of massive Porites coral growth under the outbreak of crown-of-thorns starfish and thermal stress in Sekisei Lagoon, Japan
Keywords:Coral, Skeleton , Hindcast, COTS, Thermal stress, Sekisei lagoon
Sekisei area is located between the Yaeyama Islands and the largest coral reef lagoon in Japan (approximately 400 km2). Continual monitoring of coral and crown-of-thorns starfish (COTS) started in 1983, and the results revealed the negative effects of the outbreak of COTS and the thermal stress-induced severe damage to coral reef ecology. Massive Porites coral is one of the key species in the framework of coral reefs in North-West Pacific. The coral continuously precipitates carbonate skeleton over its previous frame, which provides us an opportunity to hindcast the skeletal growth for the long term. Therefore, massive Porites coral skeleton in Sekisei Lagoon offers an opportunity to verify whether their skeletal growth is an indicator of coral reef health.
This study shows the revisit of long-term massive Porites coral growth (extension rate) estimated from the coral cores in Sekisei Lagoon from 1965 to 2000 reported by Omata et al. (2002). Eighty-two coral cores were collected from 12 areas, including reef fronts and patch reefs in Sekisei Lagoon. This study then selected seventy-four coral cores. The average growth anomaly decreased from the 1980s to 1990, which corresponded to decreasing coral coverage. The results imply that the growth of Porites coral would be an indicator of the changes in coral coverage by biodisturbance in this area. On the contrary, there were several reductions in extension anomaly, but it did not entirely correspond to the coral bleaching events in 1983 and 1998. These results imply that the growth of Porites coral does not represent the coral bleaching events in this area.
Omata et al. (2002) Skeletal growth history of modern corals in Sekisei Lagoon as a bio-indicator. JAMSTEC-R 45, 17-30.