Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG44] Coastal Ecosystems 2 Coral reefs, seagrass and macroalgal beds, and mangrove

Tue. May 28, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 102 (1F)

convener:Yu Umezawa(Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology), Toshihiro Miyajima(Marine Biogeochemistry Group, Division of Ocean-Earth System Science, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Atsushi Watanabe(The ocean policy research institute, The Sasakawa peace foundation), Tomihiko Higuchi(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Yu Umezawa(Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology), Toshihiro Miyajima(The University of Tokyo), Atsushi Watanabe(Tokyo Institute of Technology), Tomihiko Higuchi(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

3:30 PM - 3:45 PM

[ACG44-06] Reconstructing sedimentation process of lagoon sediment in the Eastern Kume Island, Ryukyus

*Wataru Sano1, Shoko Hirabayashi2, Yusuke Yokoyama3, Yosuke Miyairi3, Kazuhiko Fujita4, Hironobu Kan2, Lauren T. Toth5, Richard B. Aronson6 (1.Graduate School of Integrated Sciences for Global Society, Kyushu University, 2.Graduate School of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University, 3.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 4.Department of Physics and Earth Sciences, University of the Ryukyus, 5.United States Geological Survey, 6.Florida Institute of Technology)

Keywords:Coral reef, Sea-level change, Geomorphological development, Holocene, Ryukyu Islands

This study aims to reveal the sedimentation process of the barrier reef lagoon in the Eastern Kume Island.
We drilled at two sites (the south of Ooha island and the east of Eef beach)in Kume Island and obtained 4 cores. The penetration depth of cores were from 2.4 to 4.2 m. Unlithified sediments in coral reef lagoons in Kume Island were mainly composed of bioclast such as branching coral pebbles, foraminifera, shell, algae and lime mud.
We measured radiocarbon dating of 28 samples (18 coral pebbles and 10 foraminifera) in the cores and estimated their sedimentation rates. The results showed that the sedimentation rate was slow at the south of Ooha Island, but rapid at Eef beach. The timing of rapid sediment accumulation at Ooha Island coincided with the timing of relative sea-level rise around 6.7 ka and reached its highest level at Tonaki Island (Kan et al.,1997) locating next to Kume Island. The sediment accumulation at Eef Beach was from 4.1 to 3.2 ka and it lagged behind Ooha Island. It may be because the coastal plain was developed with three beach ridges behind Eef Beach (Kawana,1990) and the coring sites were located at the front of the coastal plain formation.
This study was supported by JSPS and the U.S. National Science Foundation.