Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG44] Coastal Ecosystems 2 Coral reefs, seagrass and macroalgal beds, and mangrove

Tue. May 28, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yu Umezawa(Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology), Toshihiro Miyajima(Marine Biogeochemistry Group, Division of Ocean-Earth System Science, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Atsushi Watanabe(The ocean policy research institute, The Sasakawa peace foundation), Tomihiko Higuchi(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

[ACG44-P06] Effects of environmental stresses on coral bleaching

*Tomihiko Higuchi1 (1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:global warming, coral bleaching, multiple stresses

Coral reefs are threatened by multiple environmental stresses at both the global and the local scales. Declining water quality in coastal reefs has been reported such as due to red soil runoff, agricultural fertilizers, and anti-fouling chemicals. Coral bleaching has been frequently reported and actively studied recently. The synergistic effects of multiple stressors have also been studied, with several studies reporting accelerated bleaching under conditions of high seawater temperature and low water quality. For example, enrichment of nitrate can accelerate coral bleaching under high light or high temperature conditions compared with single stress conditions. If the concentration of nitrate increases damage to coral reefs in coastal areas could significantly increase under high temperature or high light stress. Moreover, environmental bacteria, Sulfitobacter sp., which can be found in the seawater of coral reef, enhanced bleaching process under high temperature. These nitrate and bacteria did not affect corals severely under ambient temperature (not high temperature). To mitigate environmental stresses on coral reefs, it is important to evaluate risks due not only to global warming, but also to local stresses.