10:10 AM - 10:25 AM
[AGE28-05] Unsaturated Hydraulic Conductivity Estimation from Multi-step Centrifuge Outflow
Keywords:Unsaturated Hydraulic Conductivity, Multi-step outflow, Centrifuge
The experiment was conducted using 2-mL centrifuge tube with two pin-holes at the top and bottom of the tube. After saturated from the bottom, multi-step pressurized outflow was performed on four kinds of soil samples including standard soil, granite decomposed soil, rice paddy field soil and volcanic ash soil. Transient outflow volume was measured using small centrifuge machine within 5 and 15 minutes at room temperature (25oC). The centrifuge pressure step was 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000, and 5000rpm, which was approximately 90, 360, 810, 1400, and 2250cmH2O respectively. Based on the outflow volume and accumulated time as input data for inverse solution model (HYDRUS 1D v4.6), hydraulic conductivity was optimized.
We found out that the optimization was successful with clayey soils and volcanic ash soils, but not with granite decomposed soil and standard sandy soils. The more sand particles it contained, the less convergence for hydraulic conductivity optimization we had obtained.