1:50 PM - 2:05 PM
[AGE30-01] Soil Organic Cabon Contents Estimation using Neural Network System
Keywords:Soil Organic Carbon, Neural Network, Global Warming
Therefore, in this study, we tried to find deeply related soil parameters using 11000 sets of 16 parameters (limited only in Europe) obtained from Harmonized World Soil Database (FAO, IIASA). Recursive Feature Elimination (RFE method) eliminated the weakly related parameters, and then the deeply related parameters are used to estimate organic carbon using neural network. Among the verifications, the neural network showed the best performance when the parameter selection was set to seven. Clay content, dry bulk density, clay CEC, total CEC, base saturation, exchangeable base, and ESP are evaluated as having high relevance. Interestingly, uncommon parameters were also included in the selection. 70% of the models constructed with these seven parameters estimated the amount of soil organic matter very well, 30% resulted in extremely bad results. In addition, although the selected parameter is deeply related to soil organic matter contents, it is not clear whether each parameter works positive or negative for estimation in the non-linear function. Since the derived relation is nonlinear and very complicated, it is difficult to understand the calculation process. But since the model function is obtained without giving a functional system from the human side, it is going to be a powerful tool in extracting necessary parameters from huge data sets which seems to have unknown relationships. In addition, the research will be more effective, and will greatly contribute to elucidation of environmental dynamics involving complex factors.