Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW23] Hydrology & Water Environment

Wed. May 29, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 103 (1F)

convener:Isao Machida(Geological Survey of Japan), Dai Yamazaki(Institute of Industrial Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Takeshi Hayashi(Faculty of Education and Human Studies, Akita University), Keisuke Fukushi(Institute of Nature & Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University), Chairperson:Keisuke Fukushi

10:45 AM - 11:05 AM

[AHW23-18] Solid-water interaction of Mn and As near the bottom of Lake Biwa. –Implications for the spatio-temporal change of these elements for past 40 years-

★Invited Papers

*TAKAAKI ITAI1, SACHIKA NATORI1 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:manganese, arsenic, speciation, redox environment, temporal change, lake sediment

Enrichment of Mn and As in the surface of sediment caused by diagenetic process has been reported from various lakes in the world. Lake Biwa is a typical example, in which clear enrichments of Mn (up to 5.7 wt%) and As (up to 900 mg/kg) within thin surface enriched layer (< 2 cm) of sediment were observed. This enrichment is caused by the accumulation of manganese oxide and arsenate both of which show lower mobility than these reducing chemical forms. However, decreasing trend of interannual minimum dissolved oxygen level reported from the lake-bottom can change redox behavior of these elements near the sediment-water interface (Itai et al. 2012, Sohrin et al. 2016, Fukushima et al. 2019). Through the geochemical survey after 2009, some specific scientific questions have been arisen.

(i) The degree of surface enrichment of Mn and As from 7 stations in northern lake were markedly increased in 2009 relative to 1977 (Itai et al., 2012). However, the source of them and process of this change are unclear.

(ii) The temporal increase of As in sediment is particularly significant in southern basin of northern lake (so called “first-basin”). The As accumulated on the surface of sediment is likely by scavenging from water column rather than upward diffusion from buried sediment. Nevertheless, difference between northern and southern basin (so called “second-basin”) is unclear.

(iii) Past study suggest that Mn and As level in sediment can be a unique indicator of palaeo water depth (Takamatsu, 1985). This is plausibly caused by higher enrichment of Mn and As toward deeper part of the lake. We confirmed this trend via measurement of 22 core sediments from northern lake. We hypothesize that this distribution is attributed to the geochemical focusing (Schaller et al., 1997), although scientific evidences are still not enough. Besides, there should be some specific mechanism to keep Mn and As enrichment after buried into deep sediment.

In order to answer these questions, we need comprehensive geochemical survey between water column and sediment with focusing speciation of these metals. In the presentation, we would like to present our dataset of lake water (3 stations, 10 m depth interval, 1 year), sediment core (30-40 cm depth, 22 stations), porewater (30 - 40 cm depth, 7 stations), filtered materials of 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 m from lake bottom (7 stations) characterized by X-ray absorption spectroscopy, micro beam chemical analysis, water chemistry analysis, porous diffusion model, and aqueous speciation calculation. Coupling with available monitoring data after 1950s, we make some constraints for the above questions.